Vladimir L. Volfson
North-West Institute of Management, Branch of RANEPA
Volfson V.L. The interaction of legal systems as linguistic communities (p. 1). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2024, vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 213–221 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-213-221
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-213-221
УДК: 341.1
Publish date: 2024-03-29
Annotation: Law as a linguistic phenomenon has seldom been a subject of research in the Russian civil law studies, as well in national jurisprudence at large. As for attempts at systemising descriptions of the semantic interaction of legal systems, its properties and types, they are barely existant. At the same time, the cases of such interaction per se seem to lie on the surface. The article examines the general properties of such interaction, identifies the essential features of its main varieties and offers descriptions and solutions to the most interesting issues within each one. Doing so, the author makes use of some case modelling. Along with well-known kinds of semantic interaction, such as the characterisation problem and the application of foreign law (in conflict law), comparative studies and incorporation, the article also refers to interpenetration of various schemes of meaning within same jurisdiction. The author puts all the matters in the context of linguistic problem and approaches them from the standpoint of his understanding of private law. The scientific outcome can be seen in the attempt to create a general theory of semantic interaction of legal systems based on general properties of such interaction and on the disclosure of its individual types.
Keywords: interests of parties to civil legal relation, language of law, characterisation, application of foreign law, legal understanding, comparative studies.
Literature list: Akimova Iu.M. Printsipy kollizionnogo regulirovaniia v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave [Principles of Conflict Regulation in the Private International Law]. Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriia i praktika [The Rule of Law State: Theory and Practice], 2013, No. 3 (33), pp. 113-120. (In Russ.) Ahrameeva O.V. Jetimologicheskij analiz recepcii i inyh form zaimstvovanija i ih sootnoshenie (v svete reformy nasledstvennogo prava) [Etimological analysis of reception and other forms of borrowing and their relationship (in the light of reform of heritage)]. Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki [Scientific notes of the V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University. Legal Studies], 2018, vol. 4 (70), No. 3, pp. 181-197. (In Russ.) Birjukova N.S. Pravovaja kvalifikacija kak ob’ektivnaja problema pravoprimenenija pri razreshenii sporov s inostrannymi uchastnikami [Legal Qualification as a Problem of the Law Application in the Disputes with International Part]. Rossijskoe pravosudie [Russian Justice System], 2007, No. 5 (13), pp. 46-53. (In Russ.) Get'man-Pavlova I.V., Kasatkina A.S. Ustanovlenie soderzhanija i primenenie inostrannogo prava v zakonodatel'stve zarubezhnyh gosudarstv [Establishment of the content and application of foreign law in the legislation of foreign states]. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 2018, No. 5, pp. 76-86. (In Russ.) Glinshhikova T.V. Problema kvalifikacii v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave [Qualification problem in private international law]. Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki [Humanities, Social Economic and Social Sciences], 2014, No. 4, pp. 221-223. (In Russ.) Kanashevskij V.A. Voprosy publichnogo porjadka i kvalifikacii pri regulirovanii semejnyh otnoshenij, oslozhnennyh inostrannym jelementom [The Issues of Public Order and Characterization in Regulation of Family Relations Involving a Foreign Element], Zhurnal rossijskogo prava [Journal of Russian Law], 2018, No. 5 (257), pp. 56-62. (In Russ.) Kanashevskij V.A. Problema kvalifikacii v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave [Problem of Characterization in Private International Law]. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava [Journal of Russian Law], 2021, vol. 25, No. 9, pp. 33-46. (In Russ.) Lavrushkina A.A. Sposoby ustanovlenija soderzhanija inostrannogo prava arbitrazhnymi sudami Rossijskoj Federacii (na primerah sudebnoj praktiki) [Methods of setting the content of foreign law by arbitration courts of the Russian Federation (one examples of judicial practice)]. Mezhdunarodnyj studencheskij nauchnyj vestnik [International Student Scientific Journal]. 2019, No. 1, p. 93. (In Russ.) Maliukov S.G., Kondrat E.N., Mikhailov N.N., Shcherbakovskii G.Z. Problemy ustanovleniia soderzhaniia inostrannogo prava v teorii MChP [Problems of establishing the content of foreign law in the theory of private international law]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii [Vestnik of the St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia], 2006, No. 2 (30), pp. 93-95. (In Russ.) Soliev I.M. K voprosu o poznavatel'noj dejatel'nosti suda kak sposobe ustanovlenija soderzhanija inostrannogo prava [The matter of cognitive activity of court as the way of adjudication content of foreign law]. Vestnik Tadzhikskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta prava, biznesa i politiki [Bulletin of the Tajik State University of Law, Business and Politics], 2011, No. 2 (46), pp. 22-27 (In Russ.) Sossjur F. Kurs obshhej lingvistiki [The Course of General Linguistics], ed. by R.O. Shor, trans. by A.M. Suhotin. Moscow, Yurait Publ., 2023, 303 p. (In Russ.) Vol'fson V.L. O modal'nosti dolzhnogo. Ratio decidendi Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka v rossijskom prave [The Modality of the Duty: Ratio Decidendi of the European Court of Human Rights in the Russia Legal System]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Pravo [Vestniks of Saint Petersburg University. Law], 2014, No. 1, pp. 18-32. (In Russ.) Vol'fson V.L. Svoboda dogovora kak prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po ego tolkovaniju [Contractual Freedom as Practical Guidance on Its Interpretation]. Hozjajstvo i pravo [Economy and Law], 2023, No. 2 (553), pp. 39-55. (In Russ.) Vol'fson V. L. Jazyk dogmy: obhod nevozmozhen [Dogma Language: Evasion Impossible]. Mir juridicheskoj nauki [World of Legal Sciences], 2012, No. 6, pp. 8-19. (In Russ.) Vol'fson V.L. Teoriia zloupotrebleniia pravom [Abuse of Law as a Theory]. Moscow, Prospekt Publ., 2023, 160 p. (In Russ.) Endicott Timothy Law and Language. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2022 Edition), ed. by Edward N. Zalta. URL: https://clck.ru/39HXRP (access date: 02.03.2024). Rahmatian Andreas Originality in UK Copyright Law: The Old “Skill and Labour” Doctrine Under Pressure. IIC - International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 2013, vol. 44, pp. 4-34. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40319-012-0003-4. URL: https://clck.ru/39LRuS (access date: 08.03.2024).
Author's info: Vladimir L. Volfson, Candidate of Jural Sciences, North-West Institute of Management, Branch of RANEPA, St. Petersburg, Russia, vwolfson@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9169-3161