Alina N. Kuznetsova
Kostroma State University
Kuznetsova A.N. Dream motif in Vladislav Khodasevich’s poetry collection “European Night” (1927). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2024, vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 130–136. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-130-136
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-130-136
УДК: 821.161.1.09”20”
Publish date: 2024-02-08
Annotation: The article describes the semantic content and poetics of the dream motif present in Vladislav Khodasevich’s collection “European Night”, and we form our own concept of “inspiration”. It is shown that the dream leitmotif characterises the psychological state of the lyrical hero associated with the arrival or absence of creative inspiration. The semantics of the motif is implemented antinomically. On the one hand, the dream-inspiration saves the lyrical hero from the mundane routine. On the other hand, ordinary earthly life in some poems appears to the lyrical subject as a dream-obsession. The story of this dream-obsession gets a particularly tragic sound in the context of the collection. The expanded metaphor “European Night” in the author’s incarnation reinforces two intentions – obsession dream and salvation dream are opposed. In the lyrical space of Vladislav Khodasevich’s “European Night”, dream becomes a metaphor for a special borderline state, instilled and even “imposed” from the outside on the creator hero. According to the poet’s artistic philosophy, inspiration, being the result of the mobilisation of all word artist’s abilities, is an “otherworldly” being sent from above, leading to greater creative productivity. The “dream” motif in the contradictory context of the above-mentioned poems of “European Night” indicates the salvation function of inspiration, which allows the creator to get rid of the “earthly dream”, to spiritually “see through” and to lead people.
Keywords: Vladislav Khodasevich, “European Night” collection, dream motif, interpretation, poetics, semantics, ambivalence, inspiration.
Literature list: Alexandrova E.V. Motiv sna v rannej poezii A. Bloka [The motif of sleep in the early poetry of A. Blok]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/ article/n/motiv-sna-v-ranney-poezii-a-bloka/viewer (access date: 26.10. 2023). (In Russ.) Blok A.A. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij i pisem: v 20 t. Т. 3 [Complete works and letters: in 20 vols., vol. 3], ed. by Ju.К. Gerasimov. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1997, 988 p. (In Russ.) Cvetaeva M.I. Sobranije sochinenij: v 7 t. T. 5: Avtobiograficheskaja prosa. Statji. Esse. Perevody [Collected works: in 7 vols., vol. 5], comp., preparation of the text and comments by A. Saakjans, L. Mnuhina. Moscow, Ellis Lak Publ., 1994, 720 p. (In Russ.) Cyvjan T.V. O remizovskoj gipnologiji i gipnografiji: Serebrjanyj vek v Rossiji [About Remizov’s hypnology and hypnography: Silver Age in Russia]. Moscow, Radix Publ., 1993, pp. 299-338. (In Russ.) Dvorjashina N.A., Kozikova Ju.N. Motivy i obrazy «sna» v zhizni i tvorchestve M.I. Tsvetaevoj [Motives and images of “dream” in the life and work of M.I. Tsvetaeva]. M.I. Tsvetaeva: sudba i tvorchestvo: sb. st. [M.I. Tsvetaeva: fate and creativity: collection articles]. Surgut, SurGU Publ., 2003, pp. 62-67. (In Russ.) Hodasevich V.F. Sobranije sochinenij: v 4 t. T. 1 [Collected works: in 4 vols., vol. 1]. Moscow, Soglasije Publ., 1996, 592 p. (In Russ.) Kavtaradze G.A. «…Son i smert' minuja». Tajnyj put' Osipa Mandelshtama [“…Bypassing sleep and death”. The secret path of Osip Mandelstam]. Saint Petersburg, Kljuchi Publ., 2014, 110 p. (In Russ.) Koptelova N.G. Obraz starika v poezii A. Bloka 1900-h gg. [The image of an old man in the poetry of A. Blok of the 1900s.]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Kostroma State University], 2022, No. 3 (28), pp. 109-116. (In Russ.) Legotina Ju.V. «Vsemirnyj son» v lirike A. Feta [“World sleep” in the lyrics of A. Fet]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/vsemirnyy-son-v-lirike-a-feta/viewer (access date: 26.10.2023). (In Russ.) Lermontov M.Ju. Sobranije sochinenij: v 4 t. T. 1 [Collected works: in 4 vols., vol. 1]. Moscow, GIHL Publ., 1957, 425 p. (In Russ.) Nechaenko D.A. Son, zavetnyh ispolnennyj znakov: tainstva snovidenij v mifologii, mirovyh religijah i hudozchestvennoj literature [A dream filled with cherished signs: the mysteries of dreams in mythology, world religions and fiction]. Moscow, Juridicheskaja literature Publ., 1991, 304 р. (In Russ.) Nechaenko D.A. Sjuzchetoobrazujutchie funkciji snovidenij v balladah i religiozno-filosofskoj poeme V.A. Zchukovskogo «Agasfer»: ot romanticheskoj mistiki k religiji Hrista [Plot-forming functions of dreams in ballads and religious and philosophical poems by V.A. Zhukovsky “Agasphere”: from romantic mysticism to the religion of Christ]. URL: Ошибка! Недопустимый объект гиперссылки. (access date: 26.10.2023). (In Russ.) Nevzgljadova E.V. Sny v russkoj poezii [Dreams in Russian poetry]. URL: https://magazines.gorky.mediazvezda/2017/6/sny-v-russkoj-poezii.html (access date: 26.10.2023). (In Russ.) Poljakova E.A. Poetika sna v tvorchestve Pushkina i Lermontova. Son Tatjany i son Mcyri [Poetics of sleep in the works of Pushkin and Lermontov. Tatyana's dream and Mtsyri's dream]. URL: http://www.dvfu.ru/library/almanac-power-books-/ (access date: 26.10.2023). (In Russ.) Skvorcov A.E. «No mir moj shiritcja, kak volny…»: O poeziji Vladislava Hodasevicha [“But my world is expanding like waves...”: About the poetry of Vladislav Khodasevich]. Moscow, OGI Publ., 2021, 256 p. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Alina N. Kuznetsova, graduate student, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, azamat_kost@mail.ru_kost@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0009-0003-8516-7618