Irina A. Timoshina
Vologda State University
Sex and age composition of the population of Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions the 1980s
Timoshina I.A. Sex and age composition of the population of Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions in the 1980s. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 65–71 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-65-71
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-65-71
УДК: 314
Publish date: 2023-11-07
Annotation: Sex and age composition of the population of Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions in the 1980s is considered in the article. On the basis of published materials of the All-Union population censuses of 1979 and 1989 as well as statistical data of the current population count, the peculiarities of the population composition by sex and age are highlighted by the authoress; moreover, the distribution of the population by sex in enlarged age groups is analysed. With regard to the distribution of population by sex in the study region in the 1980s, there was a tendency for the number of women to exceed the number of men. However, by 1989, the feminisation index, which shows the ratio of the number of women to one hundred men, had been gradually decreasing in both regions. The process of equalisation of the sex structure of the population had had its effect. The age composition of the inhabitants of the area is considered from the economic point of view in order to highlight general changes in the enlarged age groups. According to the results of the analysis of the materials of the 1979 and 1989 population censuses, the conclusion about the decrease in the number of the most extensive and economically active group of the working-age population and about the increase in the share of persons above the working age is made. The population of both regions was gradually ageing «from above». In the structure of distribution of residents of Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions and in the Russian Republic as a whole by sex in enlarged age groups in the 1980s, it is certain that in the groups of population younger than able-bodied and working age, men prevailed. In the group above working age, the number of men declined sharply, largely fuelled by the enormous male mortality rate.
Keywords: population sex composition, population age composition, population structure, women, men, Arkhangelsk Region, Vologda Region
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Author's info: Irina A. Timoshina, postgraduate student, Institute of Social and Human Sciences, Vologda State University, Vologda, Russia, irinatimoshina@bk.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2672-3923