- Oksana V. Dreifeld
- Kemerovo State University
- The concept of ‟void” in the Sasha Krugosvetov`s novel ‟Candide’s Happiness” (comparative analysis)
- Dreifeld O.V. The concept of ‟void” in the Sasha Krugosvetov`s novel ‟Candide’s Happiness” (comparative analysis). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, № 1, pp. 117–122 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-1-117-122
- Publish date:
The semantic ‟void” of actual reality is the most important idea of postmodernism, which is associated with the recognition of the relativity of any ideas, philosophies, meanings, the concepts of which are ‟simulacrum”. Over the decades of the existence of Russian literary postmodernism, the interpretation of the relationship between man and reality, thing and concept has been rethought in relation to world culture. With the help of a comparative analysis of the novels ‟Candide's Happiness” by Sasha Krugosvetov and ‟Clay Machine Gun” by Victor Pelevin, respectively, the content of the concept ‟void”, which creates the central image in both texts, was revealed, its semantic and functional characteristics were studied. In the novel “Clay Machine Gun” the concept of “void” is involved in the formation of an existential plot associated with the subjective desire of the characters to get out of “void”, because it participates in overcoming the inevitable socio-cultural self-identifications, allows one building an image of plurality as opposed to binary oppositions. In the novel by Sasha Krugosvetov, when describing the image of reality, the basical narrative strategy is a game with the reader, based on the correlation of functional copies of objects, disguised objects, illusory objects and virtual copies, and the main methods of their presentation are to demonstrate metaphors literally and absurd. ‟Void” in Sasha Krugosvetov's novel is not only an ontological characteristic that blurs the opposition of ‟existence” and ‟non-existence”, but also a feature of style, moving away from any particular style due to the development and appropriation of too many stylistic markers
‟void”, simulacrum, Russian postmodernism, Sasha Krugosvetov, Victor Pelevin, literary parody, pastiche.
- Literature list:
Grevtseva A.A. Paradigmy postmodernistskogo stila myshlenia [Paradigms of postmodern style of thinking]. Vestnik Tambovskogo Universiteta. Ser.: Gumanitarnye nauki [Bulletin of the Tambov University. Ser.: Humanities], 2008, vol. 5 (61), pp. 374-379. (In Russ.)
Krugosveton Sasha. Schast'ie Kandida [Kandid's happinnes]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2021, 416 p. (In Russ.)
Pelevin V. Chapaiev I Pustota. Zoltaia strela [Chapaev and Emptiness. Yellow arrow]. Moscow, Vegrius Publ., 2000, 414 p. (In Russ.)
Repina M.V. Tvorchestvo V. Pelevina 90-h godov XX veka v kontekste russkogo literaturnogo postmodernizma [The works of V. Pelevin in the 1990s in the context of Russian literary postmodernism]. Moscow, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia Publ., 2004, 25 p. (In Russ.)
Seydashova A.V. Motiv pustoty v romane V.O. Pelevina “Chapaiev I Pustota” [Motive of emptiness in V.O. Pelevin's novel “Chapaev and Pustotaˮ]. Vestnik RUDN. Ser.: Literaturovedenie. Zurnalistika [RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism], 2017, vol. 22 (3), pp. 449-456. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22363/23129220-2017-22-3-449-456
Skoropanova I.S. Russkaia posmoderniskaia literature: novaia filosofia, novyi iazyk [Russian Postmodern Literature: New Philosophy, New Language]. Saint Petersburg, Nevsky Prostor Publ., 2001, 415 p. (In Russ.)
Shubina P.V. Pustota kak ontologicheskaia I gnoseologicheskaia kategoria: sposoby govorit ob otsutstvii v zapadnoievropeiskoi filosofii [Emptiness as an ontological and epistemological category: ways to talk about the absence in Western European philosophy]. Arkhangelsk, Pomor State University named after M.V. Lomonosov Publ., 2005, 21 p. (In Russ.)
Surodina N.R. Lingvokulturologicheskoie pole kontsepta “pustota”: na material poeticheskogo tvorchestva moskovskih kontseptualistov [Linguistic and cultural field of the concept “emptinessˮ: on the material of the poetic language of Moscow conceptualists]. Volgograd, Volgograd Pedagogical University Publ., 1999, 20 p. (In Russ.)
Borges Jorge Luis. Las ruinas circulares. URL: https://ciudadseva.com/texto/las-ruinas-circulares/ (дата обращения: 17.02.2023).
Jameson Fredric. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. USA, Duke University Press, 1996, 438 p.
Lyotard Jean-François. La condition postmoderne: rapport sur le savoir. Paris, Minuit Publ., 1979, p. 110.
Vian Boris. L’Ecume des jours. Paris, Pauvert, 1963, 184 p.
- Oksana V. Dreifeld, PhD candidate in Philology, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-3612-0237