Aleksei S. Bokarev
Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University
Alena V. Korableva
Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University
Bokarev A.S., Korableva A.V. Poetics of ekphrasis of paintings in lyric poetry by Sergey Gandlevskiy. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2022, vol. 28, № 4, pp. 54–62 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-4-54-62
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-4-54-62
УДК: 821.161.1.09”20”
Publish date: 2022-12-08
Annotation: The article considers the functioning of ekphrasis, which is understood as a kind of self-reflexive text based on interpreting non-verbal works of art, in poetry by Sergey Gandlevskiy. Painting plays a significant part among the media the author refers to: in his poems, frequent are both mentions of artists (Vincent Willem van Gogh, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Karl Bryullov, Ilya Repin, Vasily Surikov) and references to well-known paintings (Barge Haulers on the Volga, Stag Hunt, The Hunters in the Snow, Saint Agnes, Bedroom in Arles, etc.). The ekphrasis is built as an inter-media palimpsest resulting from “layering” of verbal and visual quotations: reality is represented as a “picture” that existed before the creative act, “on top” of which a poem is being written. It is natural that an increased focus on the “alien’s” (word, images, scenes) actualises the meta-poetic function of ekphrasis – it not just reveals the fact that empirical reality is secondary to art, but also “highlights” the ability of the latter to resist the course of time. As a tool for the hero’s self-identification, ekphrasis brings to the fore the figure of an “alien”, serving as a “reference point”, relying on (or building on) which the protagonist evaluates himself and his experience. Thus, the ekphrasis in Sergey Gandlevskiy’s lyrics represents the meanings related to the problems of reality and fiction, time and eternity, life and death, thereby contributing to the author’s revision of human cognitive abilities.
Keywords: Sergey Gandlevskiy, intermediality, ekphrasis, intertextuality, metapoetics, subject structure, dialogical relations in lyric poetry.
Funding and acknowledgments: The study was carried out at the expense of a grant in the form of a subsidy from the federal budget to educational organisations of higher education for the implementation of activities aimed at supporting student scientific communities within the framework of the state programme of the Russian Federation “Scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation”.
Literature list: Avtukhovich T.E. Ekfrasis kak metatekst v kontekste metalingvisticheskoi teorii M.M. Bakhtina [Ekphrasis as a metatext in the context of Mikhail Bakhtin]. Tsentr i periferiia [Centre and periphery], 2021, № 3, pp. 5–10. (In Russ.) Broitman S.N. Russkaia lirika XIX – nachala XX veka v svete istoricheskoi poetiki (sub"ektno-obraznaia struktura) [Russian lyrics of the 19th – the early 20th centuries in the light of historical poetics (subject-shaped structure)]. Moscow, Rossiisk. gos. gumanit. un-t Publ., 1997, 307 p. (In Russ.) Gandlevskii S.M. Burlaki na Volge («Chtob k sotsial'nomu protestu…») [Barge Haulers on the Volga (“So that to social protest…”)]. URL: https://vk.com/wall-33436259_1202 (access date: 26.10.2022). (In Russ.) Gandlevskii S.M. Schastlivaia oshibka: stikhi i esse o stikhakh [Good fortune mistake: poems and essays on poetry]. Moscow, Izd-vo AST Publ., CORPUS Publ., 2019, 256 p. (In Russ.) Geller L. Na podstupakh k zhanru ekfrasisa. Russkii fon dlia nerusskikh kartin (i naoborot) [On the approaches to the ekphrasis genre. Russian background for non-Russian paintings (and vice versa)]. Wiener Slawistischer Almanach. Sonderband 44. München, Institut für Slavische Philologie Publ., 1997, S. 151–173. (In Russ.) Zhiteniov A.A. Sovremennye kontseptsii ekfrasisa i gnoseologicheskaia model' ekfrasticheskogo teksta [Modern concepts of ekphrasis and epistemological model of ekphrastic text]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Filologiia. Zhurnalistika [Bulletin of the Voronezh State University. Ser.: Philology. Journalism], 2021, № 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russ.) Ivaniuk B.P. Stikhotvornyi ekfrasis: slovarnaia versiia [Poetic ekphrasis: dictionary version]. Teoriia i istoriia ekfrasisa: itogi i perspektivy izucheniia [Theory and History of Ekphrasis: Results and Perspectives of Study], ed. by T. Awtuchowicz. Siedlce, Wydawnictwo Naukowe IKR[i]BL Publ., Instytut Kultury Regionalnej i Badań Literackich im. Franciszka Karpińskiego Publ., 2018, s. 383–396. (In Russ.) Kirshbaum G. Okhotniki na snegu: elegicheskaia poetologiia Sergeia Gandlevskogo [Hunters in the Snow: Elegiac Poetry by Sergey Gandlevskiy]. Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie [New Literary Review], 2012, № 6, pp. 278–292. (In Russ.) Kuzmin M. Stikhotvoreniia [Poems]. St. Petersburg, Akademicheskii proekt Publ., 1996, 832 p. (In Russ.) Pushkin A.S. Sochineniia: v 3 t. Stikhotvoreniia. Skazki. Ruslan i Liudmila: Poema. T. 1 [Works: in 3 vols. Poems. Fairy tales. Ruslan and Ludmila: poem. Vol. 1]. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaia literatura Publ., 1985, 735 p. (In Russ.) Piegay-Gros N. Vvedenie v teoriiu intertekstual'nosti [Introduction to the intertextuality theory], translation from French, editing and introductory article by G.K. Kosikov, edition 2. Moscow, LENAND Publ., 2015, 240 p. (In Russ.) Romanova I. Okhotniki na snegu P. Breigelia v sovremennoi poezii [Hunters in the Snow by Pieter Bruegel the Elder in modern poetry]. Teoriia i istoriia ekfrasisa: itogi i perspektivy izucheniia [Theory and History of Ekphrasis: Results and Perspectives of Study], ed. by T. Awtuchowicz. Siedlce, Wydawnictwo Naukowe IKR[i]BL Publ., Instytut Kultury Regionalnej i Badań Literackich im. Franciszka Karpińskiego Publ., 2018, s. 252–261. (In Russ.) Sergei Gandlevskii: naiti okhotnika (Besedu vediot Irina Golovinskaia) [Sergey Gandlevskiy: find a hunter. (Interviewed by Irina Golovinskaya)]. LEKhAIM [LECHAIM], 2011, № 3 (227). URL: https://old.lechaim.ru/ARHIV/227/golovinskaya.htm (access date: 26.10.2022). (In Russ.) Sitnikova A.A. Smysloobrazuiushchaia funktsiia pesni v strukture literaturnogo teksta: dis. … kand. filol. nauk. [The meaning-forming function of a song in the structure of a literary text: Philological sciences candidate’s thesis]. Tver, 2016, 241 p. (In Russ.) Skvortsov A.E. Samosud neozhidannoi zrelosti. Tvorchestvo Sergeia Gandlevskogo v kontekste russkoi poeticheskoi traditsii [Lynching of unexpected maturity. Creative work of Sergey Gandlevskiy in the context of the Russian poetic tradition]. Moscow, OGI Publ., 2013, 222 p. (In Russ.) Tishunina N.V. Problema vzaimodeistviia iskusstv v literature zapadnoevropeiskogo simvolizma [The problem of the interaction of arts in the literature of Western European symbolism]. Sintez v russkoi i mirovoi khudozhestvennoi kul'ture: materialy II nauch.-prakt. konf., posviash. pamiati A.F. Loseva [Synthesis in Russian and World Artistic Culture: materials of the scientific and practical conference dedicated to the memory of Aleksei Losev]. Moscow, MPGU Publ., pp. 100–101. (In Russ.) Tsiv'ian T.V. K analizu tsikla Kuzmina «Fuzii v bliudechke» [To the analysis of Kuzmin's cycle “Fusions in a saucer”]. Mikhail Kuzmin i russkaia kul'tura XX veka: tezisy i materialy konferentsii. 15–17 maia 1990 g. [Mikhail Kuzmin and Russian culture of the 20th century: abstracts and materials of the conference. May 15–17, 1990], ed. by G.A. Moreva. Leningrad, Sovet po istorii mirovoi kul'tury AN SSSR Publ., Muzei Anny Akhmatovoi v Fontannom dome Publ., 1990, pp. 43–46. (In Russ.) Shtain K.E., Petrenko D.I. Metapoetika: razmytaia paradigma [Metapoetics: a fuzzy paradigm]. Russkaia metapoetika: uchebnyi slovar' [Russian metapoetics: educational dictionary], ed. by V.A. Shapovalov, Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor. Stavropol, Izd-vo Stavropol'skogo gos. un-ta Publ., 2006, pp. 17–36. (In Russ.) Shul'piakov G. Siuzhet Pitera Breigelia [Plot of Pieter Bruegel the Elder]. Arion, 1997, № 3. URL: https://magazines.gorky.media/arion/1997/3/syuzhet-pitera-brejgelya.html (access date: 26.10.2022). (In Russ.)
Author's info: Aleksei S. Bokarev, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University, Yaroslavl, Russia, asbokarev@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8771-6065
Co-author's info: Alena V. Korableva, 2nd year master’s student, Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University, Yaroslavl, Russia, korableva.alena.98@bk.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4316-2240