Elena V. Goncharenko
Silishcheva Astrakhan Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital
Svetlana B. Taisaeva
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Elena V. Polyakova
Astrakhan State Medical Academy
Geidar А. Agaguliev
Investigative Department of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation for Astrakhan Region
Goncharenko E.V., Taisaeva S.B., Polyakova E.V., Agaguliev G.A. The main physiological and pantomimic markers of information concealment (lie) in involved persons and malingerers. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2022, vol. 28, № 3, pp. 220–225. https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-3-220-225
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-3-220-225
УДК: 340.6
Publish date: 2022-10-01
Annotation: Lying is a bio-psycho-social phenomenon of the human psyche with primatological and zoological studies determining deceiving characteristic of not just humans, but also mammals and even plants. The study of deliberate concealment of the truth is topical when there is a threat to the life and health of an individual or there is misleading of an official. The article deals with physiological and pantomimic markers when hiding the truth from the persons involved. In instrumentless lie detection (verification), a special role is given to the body movements of the subject (gestures), since motor production is an important correlator of human neuropsychic activity. The evolutionary, biopsychosocial origin of markers of non-verbal behaviour during deception is analysed. The paper provides a complete classification of the reactions of the autonomic nervous system and the limbic part of the brain when information is concealed. The pilot study involved 95 people aged 16 to 55 as respondents; in the course of a survey conversation (interview) on control and verification questions, physiological reactions and pantomime to the fear of possible exposure were recorded and differentiated. Gestures during deception were of an adaptive, resourceful unconscious nature, the genesis of physiological reactions was associated with an evolutionary pattern and a stressful response to a negative stimulus. The relevance of verification in investigative, law enforcement and medical practice is discussed.
Keywords: lies, limbic system, gesticulation, gestures, pantomime, non-verbal behaviour, physiological response
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Author's info: Elena V. Goncharenko, medical psychologist, Silishcheva Astrakhan Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital, Astrakhan, Russia, lanovaya.s@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6410-4170
Co-author's info: Svetlana B. Taisaeva, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia, taisaeva@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6947-8606
Co-author's info: Elena V. Polyakova, assistant to the rector, Astrakhan State Medical Academy, Astrakhan, Russia, agma.otv@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7977-4185
Co-author's info: Geidar А. Agaguliev, Investigator, Lieutenant of Justice, Investigative Department of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation for Astrakhan Region, Astrakhan, Russia, agaguliyevg@bk.ru