Gennadiy G. Bril’
Kostroma State University
Ekaterina I. Bogdanova
Kostroma State University
Legal regulation of pawnshops in pre-revolutionary and Soviet civil legislation
Bril’ G.G., Bogdanova E.I. Legal regulation of pawnshops in pre-revolutionary and Soviet civil legislation. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2021, vol. 27, № 4, pp. 198-203 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-4-198-203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-4-198-203
УДК: 347.1
Publish date: 2021-11-15
Annotation: The article examines the process of the origin and development of pawnshop activity in the Russian state in the pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods. Special attention is paid to improving the conditions for granting loans to the population secured by property. The authors investigated the normative legal acts regulating the activities of pawnshops. It is noted that the creation of pawnshops was due to the need to rid the population of usurious oppression and the search for new sources of replenishment of the state treasury. The analysis of the sources of legal regulation shows that in the pre-revolutionary period there was a gradual transfer of the work of pawnshops from the public sphere to the private – the organisational and legal forms of pawnshops were improved, the system of control over their activities changed. The chronological framework of the study also includes the Soviet stage of the formation of pawnshop activity, which is poorly studied. After the temporary cessation of pawnshops, the process of its revival began within the framework of a new economic policy in order to improve consumer services for the population. The authors reveal the contribution of pawnshops to the preservation of citizens' property during the Axis-Soviet War. The analysis of the history of pawnshop activity allowed us to conclude about the social role of pawnshops and their importance for maintaining the financial situation of the population, which indicates the need for the development of pawnshop activity at the present stage.
Keywords: pawnshop, pawnshop activity, loan treasury, loan agreement, storage agreement, pre-revolutionary period, Soviet period
Literature list: Aleev E.A. Lombardy i perspektivy ikh razvitiia v Rossii [Pawnshops and prospects for their development in Russia]. Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom [Service in Russia and abroad], 2007, № 4, pp. 17–18. (In Russ.) Bazarnova A.A. Problemy pravovogo regulirovaniia deiatel'nosti gorodskikh lombardov v Rossiiskoi imperii [Problems of legal regulation of urban pawnshops in the Russian Empire]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii [Bulletin of the Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia], 2008, № 12, pp. 43–44. (In Russ.) Bazarnova A.A. Iuridicheskoe obespechenie deiatel'nosti lombardov v Rossiiskoi Imperii: dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Legal support for the activities of pawnshops in the Russian Empire: PhD thesis]. Mosсow, 2011, 191 p. (In Russ.) Isinskii K.A. Istoriia lombardov v Rossii (na primere Penzenskogo gorodskogo lombarda) [The history of pawnshops in Russia (on the example of the Penza city pawnshop)]. Izvestiia PGU im. V.G. Belinskogo [Izvestiya PGPU named after V.G. Belinsky], 2011, № 23, pp. 428–431. (In Russ.) Kirillov I.A. Lombardy v Rossii [Pawnshops in Russia]. Moscow, Finansovo-ekonomicheskoe biuro Publ., 1922, 68 p. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Gennadiy G. Bril’, Doctor of Jural Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, g_bril@ksu.edu.ru
Co-author's info: Ekaterina I. Bogdanova, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, katybgdnv@gmail.com