Irina V. Bogdashina
Miklouho-Maclay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Everyday practice of mothers in a provincial Soviet city in the 1950–60s
Bogdashina I.V. Everyday practice of mothers in a provincial Soviet city in the 1950–60s. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 2, pp. 42–51 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-2-42-51
DOI: 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-2-42-51
УДК: 94(470.317)"1950/1960"
Publish date: 2020-02-13
Annotation: The article reveals the measures undertaken by the Soviet state during the “thaw” in the field of reproductive behaviour, the protection of motherhood and childhood. Compilations, manuals and magazines intended for women were the most important regulators of behaviour, determining acceptable norms and rules. Materials from sources of personal origin and oral history make it possible to clearly demonstrate the real feelings of women. The study of women's everyday and daily life in the aspect related to pregnancy planning, bearing and raising children will allow us to compare the real situation and the course of implementation of tasks in the field of maternal and child health. The demographic surge in the conditions of the economy reviving after the war, the lack of preschool institutions, as well as the low material wealth of most families, forced women to adapt to the situation. In the conditions of combining the roles of mother, wife and female worker, women entrusted themselves with almost overwork, which affected the health and well-being of the family. The procedure for legalising abortion gave women not only the right to decide the issue of motherhood themselves, but also made open the already necessary, but harmful to health, habitual way of birth control. Maternal care in difficult material and housing conditions became the concern of women and the older generation, who helped young women to combine the role of a working mother, which the country's leadership confidently assigned to women.
Keywords: daily life, women's rights, motherhood, childhood, healthcare, hygiene, Volgograd.
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Author's info: rina V. Bogdashina, ORCID iD 0000-0002-9908-2039, Miklouho-Maclay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia E-mail: ira18bogdashina@mail.ru