Nadezhda B. Khlystova
Donetsk Academy of Internal Affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, People's Republic of Donetsk
The effectiveness of criminal sanctions and singularity of criminal law
Khlystova N.B. The effectiveness of criminal sanctions and singularity of criminal law. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 1, рр. 195-198. DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-1-195-198
DOI: 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-1-195-198
УДК: 343.21
Publish date: 2020-02-02
Annotation: The article describes the phenomenon of singularity in criminal law, as well as its impact on the effectiveness of criminal sanctions. It is noted that the crisis of criminal law policy has led to the emergence of extremely dangerous trends. One of these is the singularity of criminal law. The article defines this as a modern phenomenon in criminal law that reflects its crisis. It is pointed out that the term "singularity", which is widely used in physics, philosophy, and mathematics, can be used in criminal law to generalise the boundaries beyond which it seems poorly possible or impossible to describe phenomena in terms of current representation and understanding. Attention is drawn to the position of scientists who point to the absorption of positive criminal law by the anti-law within the framework of the singularity state. Emphasis is placed on leveling traditional criminal law institutions such as sanctions, punishment, and their preventive, protective, and punitive effects. The influence of the singularity on the effectiveness of criminal sanctions is shown. It is emphasised that globalisation in social networks generates a new phenomenon of parallel criminal law impact.
Keywords: singularity, singularity of criminal law, sanctions, criminal legal sanctions, effectiveness of criminal legal sanctions, functions of sanctions, criminal legal impact.
Literature list: Bol'shoj astronomicheskij slovar' [Large astronomical dictionary]. URL: https://gufo.me/dict/astronomy (access date: 02.02.2020). (In Russ.) BytkoS. Ju. Ideologija i pravo [Ideology and law]. Pravovaja kul'tura [Legal culture], 2014, № 2 (17), pp. 36–41. (In Russ.) Nosov S.I. Problemy povyshenija pravovogo soznanija v Rossii [Problems of increasing legal awareness in Russia]. Pravo i sovremennye gosudarstva [Law and modern States], 2013, № 3, pp. 21–24. (InRuss.) Podshibjakin A.N. K voprosu o vozmozhnosti kompleksnoj ocenki jeffektivnosti norm ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera [On the possibility of a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of criminal law norms]. Vestnik Samarskogo juridicheskogo instituta [Bulletin of the Samara law Institute], 2019, № 3 (34), pp. 73–77. (In Russ.) Prigozhin I. Ot sushhestvujushhego k voznikajushhemu [From existing to emerging]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1985. (In Russ.) Savinova N.A. Informacionnaja (tehnologicheskaja) singuljarnost' ugolovnogo prava [Information (technological) singularity of criminal law], 2017, pp. 199–202. (In Russ.) Samsonov V.M., Petrov E.K. O probleme singuljarnosti v gravitacionnoj fizike [On the singularity problem in gravitational physics]. Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Fizika [Bulletin of the Tver State University. Ser.: Physics], 2009, № 4, pp. 70–79 (In Russ.) Steklova I.V. Transcendental'nost' avtonomnosti i singuljarnosti v nauke [Transcendentality of autonomy and singularity in science]. Gumanitarnye nauki i obrazovanie [Humanities and education], 2011, № 2 (6), pp. 71–74. (In Russ.) Tuljakov V.A. Singuljarnost' ugolovnogo prava v kontekste gumanizacii [Singularity of criminal law in the context of humanization]. Gumanizacija ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i demokratizacija ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva [Humanization of criminal responsibility and democratization of criminal justice], 2016, pp. 286–289. (In Russ.) Tuljakov V.A. Singuljarnost' ugolovnogo prava i gosudarstvennoe prinuzhdenie [Singularity of criminal law and state coercion]. Pravovoe vozdejstvie na nepravomernoe povedenie: aktual'nye grani [Legal impact on illegal behavior: actual facets], 2016, pp. 23–30. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Nadezhda B. Khlystova, ORCID: 0000-0001-6344-650X, Candidate of Jural Sciences, head of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of Donetsk Academy of Internal Affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, People's Republic of Donetsk. E-mail: afina_law@mail.ru