Olga A. Ovcharenko
Institute of World Literature named after A.M. Gorky of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Ovcharenko O.A. Image of God in Fernando Pessoa Literary Works. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2024, vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 75–80 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-75-80
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-75-80
УДК: 821(469).09‟20”
Publish date: 2024-02-08
Annotation: Philosophical problematics occupies the central place in Fernando Pessoa’s literary works and appears in all the genres of his literary heritage, beginning with the lirico-epical cycle “Message” and finishing with his heteronimical lyrics and “The Book of Anxiety”. During all his life Pessoa appealed to the problem of God and solved it in different ways, but did not arrive to any definite conclusion. The problem interested Pessoa because he wanted to find in God a kind of defence, but finally remained alone before the Destiny to which the God himself could not resist. The author of the article focuses on the image of God in orthonymic and heteronymic lyrics of Fernando Pessoa, as well as in his prose. The author of the article shows the difference in the attitude to God of Pessoa’s different heteronyms, analyses Pessoa’s religious views in the “Book of Disquiet” and investigates in details his positions in orthonymic poetry, poetic cycle “Message” especially. It is concluded that during all his life, Pessoa hesitated between Catholicism and Gnosticism, corresponding to his own definition of “Christian gnostic”.
Keywords: Fernando Pessoa, orthonymy, heteronymy, Gnosticism, Christianity, lyrics.
Literature list: Pessoa Fernando. Poslanie [Message]. Moscow, Russkaya Filosofia Publ., 2023. 122 p. (In Russ. and Port.). Costa Dalila Pereira da. Poemas “A Divinis”. Introdução. Pessoa I. Pp. 1075-1087. Lind Georg Rudolf. Estudos sobre Fernando Pessoa. Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional – Casa de Moeda Publ., 1981, 492 p. Matos Jorge de. O pensamento maçonico de Fernando Pessoa. Lisboa, Hugin Publ., 1997, 220 p. Pessoa Fernando. Obra Poética e em Prosa. Porto, Lello e Irmão, 1986, vol. 1, 1212 p.; vol. 2, 1352 p.; vol. 3, 1501 p. Simões João Gaspar. Vida e Obra de Fernando Pessoa. Amadora, Livraria Bertrand Publ., 1981, 740 p.
Author's info: Olga A. Ovcharenko, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Leading researcher, Institute of World Literature named after A.M. Gorky of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, olgaimli@yandex.ru