Shohra Mohammed
Kostroma State University
Shohra Mohammed. Semantic field “Power” in’s novel “The Arc for the Uninvited” by Vladimir Maksimov. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2024, vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 163–169 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-163-169
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2024-30-1-163-169
УДК: 811.161.1.09”20”
Publish date: 2024-02-19
Annotation: The article presents a comprehensive description of the semantic field ‟Power” in the novel by the well-known Russian prose writer of the 2nd half of the 20th century, Vladimir Yemelyanovich Maksimov. The purpose of the study is to identify the structural and semantic features of the field, the communicative and pragmatic properties of its nuclear components, which are semantic dominants of the text and actively participate in organising the artistic narrative, depicting characters and events, and explicating the conceptual content of the study. An analytical review of the main linguistic studies devoted to the study of the phenomenon of authority in Russian culture and linguistic consciousness, and the scientific description of semantic fields in the system of language and speech is carried out. Modelling the field structure of the novel is based on the principles of discourse analysis of the text, and it is determined by the specifics of the writer’s linguistic personality, the individual originality of the artistic picture of the world, the genre-stylistic and plot-compositional features of the work, and the linguacultural situation of the depicted era. The component composition of the field, its core, centre and periphery, and microfields are consistently characterised. Semantic connections and intersections of field components are determined with contextual conditionality of additional meanings revealed. The semantic field ‟authority” combines four microfields: the central part of the field structure includes the microfields ‟state authority” and ‟God power”, the peripheral zone includes the microfields ‟family authority” and ‟authority and power of natural elements”. The core of the field includes the key lexemes of authority, power and the leader. The semantic dominants of the text, being components of the analysed field structure, contribute to the development of action in space and time, create narrative polyphony, reflect the author’s position, and convey the bright features of the writer’s linguistic personality.
Keywords: phenomenon of power, semantic field, core, centre, periphery, microfield, narrative discourse, Vladimir Maksimov.
Literature list: Abramov V.P. Semanticheskiye polya russkogo yazyka [Semantic fields of the Russian language]. Moscow, Flint Publ., Science Publ., 2019, 333 p. (In Russ.) Apresyan Yu.D. Leksicheskaya semantika. Sinonimicheskiye sredstva yazyka [Lexical semantics. Synonymous means of language]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, 367 p. (In Russ.) Ilyina V.A. Semanticheskoye pole tsennosti «Vlast'» [Semantic field of value “Powerˮ]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Moscow State Regional University], 2020, No. 2, pp. 266-280. (In Russ.) Karasik V.I., Kitanina E.A. Aksiologiya vlasti v russkoy lingvokul'ture [Axiology of power in Russian linguistic culture]. Rusistika [Russian Studies], 2023, vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 97-110. (In Russ.) Karkashova M.A. Algoritm postroyeniya lingvokognitivnykh modeley semanticheskoy derivatsii kontsepta «Vlast'» (na osnove romana R.P. Warren «All the King’s Men») [Algorithm for constructing linguocognitive models of semantic derivation of the concept “Power” (based on the novel “All the King’s Men” by R.P. Warren)]. Mezhdunarodnyy studencheskiy nauchnyy vestnik [International Student Scientific Bulletin], 2018, No. 3, pp. 919-922. (In Russ.) Krongauz M.A. Semantika [Semantics]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2005, 352 p. (In Russ.) Kuznetsov A.M. Pole [Field]. Lingvisticheskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' [Linguistic Encyclopedic Dictionary], ed. by V.N. Yartseva. Moscow, Sov. Entsiklopediya Publ., 1990, pp. 380-381 p. (In Russ.) Maksimov V.E. Kovcheg dlya nezvanykh: roman [Ark for the Uninvited: Novels]. Moscow, Voskresen'ye Publ., 1994, 368 p. (In Russ.) Novikov L.A. Semanticheskoye pole [Semantic field]. Russkiy yazyk: entsiklopediya [Russian language: encyclopedia]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1997, pp. 458-459. (In Russ.) Sklyarevskaya G.N. Metafora v sisteme yazyka: nauchnaya monografiya [Metaphor in the language system: scientific monograph]. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 1993, 152 p. (In Russ.) SRYA: Slovar' russkogo yazyka [Dictionary of the Russian language: in 4 vols.], ed. by A.P. Yevgen'yeva, ed. 3. Moscow, Russkiy yazyk Publ., 1985-1988. (In Russ.) Suzdaltseva V.N. Obraz vlasti v sovremennykh rossiyskikh SMI: verbal'nyy aspekt [The image of power in modern Russian media: the verbal aspect]. Moscow, Fakul'tet zhurnalistiki MGU im. M.V. Lomonosova Publ., 2017, 252 p. (In Russ.) Ufimtseva N.V. Obraz vlasti po materialam Krymskogo assotsiativnogo slovarya [The image of power based on materials from Krymsky associative dictionary]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser.: Teoriya yazyka. Semiotika. Semantika [Bulletin of the Russian Peoples' Friendship University. Ser.: Theory of language. Semiotics. Semantics], 2022, vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 630-647. (In Russ.) Shabanova A.A. Lingvisticheskiy analiz kontsepta «Vlast'»/«Pover» [Linguistic analysis of the concept “Powerˮ/“Powerˮ]. Aktual'nyye voprosy filologicheskikh nauk: problemy i perspektivy: materialy mezhdunar zaoch. nauch. konf. [Current issues of philological sciences: problems and prospects: materials of the international], ed. by G.D. Akhmetovoy. Chita, Molodoy uchenyy Publ., 2011, 166 p. (In Russ.) Shchur G.S. Teoriya polya v lingvistike [Field theory in linguistics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974, 255 p. (In Russ.) Vorobyova O.I. Politicheskaya lingvistika. Sovremennyy yazyk politiki [Political linguistics. Modern language of politics]. Moscow, IKAR Publ., 2008, 296 p. (In Russ.) Trier J. Der deutsche Wortschatz im Sinnbezirk des Verstandes. Von den Anfangen bis zum Beginn des 13. Jahrhunderts. Heidelberg, Carl Winter Universitätsverlag Publ., 1973.
Author's info: Shohra Mohammed, Graduate Student, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, med.chohra02@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5914-2589