Alexander K. Gladkov
The Institute of General History of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The union of virtues, wise king and idea of political community in policraticus by John of Salisbury
Gladkov A.K. The union of virtues, wise king and idea of political community in Policraticus by John of Salisbury. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 22–25. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-22-25
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-22-25
УДК: 321.01
Publish date: 2023-11-23
Annotation: In the article, based on the analysis of the treatise Policraticus, on the Frivolities of Courtiers and the Footprints of Philosophers (1159), the author explores the social and political ideas of the prominent English intellectual, diplomat and writer John of Salisbury (1115/1120–1180), and above all the arguments about the virtuous sovereign, his power, duties and functions, as well as society (“healthy” and “ill”), considered in the context of the medieval theory of the “body politic”. The author studies the key ideas of the thinker, including the “middle way” that a pious ruler should follow, avoiding extremes in actions and judgements, and also finds out John’s interpretation of law and justice as regulators of life.
Keywords: Policraticus, John of Salisbury, medieval political thought, ideal sovereign.
Literature list: Gladkov A.K. Vlast, obshestvo, telo: antropomorfnaya paradigma v politicheskoy misli srednevekovoy Zapadnoy Evropi [Power, society, body: the anthropomorphous paradigm in political thought of medieval West Europe]. Voprosi istorii [Questions of history], 2020, No. 12 (1), pp. 125-138. (In Russ.) Born L.K. The perfect prince: a study in thirteenth and fourteenth-century ideals. Speculum, 1928, vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 470-504. Ioannis Saresberiensis episcopi Carnotensis. Policratici sive de nugis curialium et vestigiis philosophorum libri VIII. Recognovit et prolegomenis, apparatu critico, commentario, indicibus instruxit Cl.C.I. Webb, introd. by P. McNulty. New York, Arno press Publ., 1979, vol. 1-2, 368 p., 511 p. Kleineke W. Englische Fürstenspiegel vom Policraticus Johanns von Salisbury bis zum Basilikon Doron König Jakobs I. Halle (Saale), 1937, 223 s. Massey H.J. John of Salisbury: some aspects of his political philosophy. Classica et Mediaevalia, 1969, vol. 28, pp. 357-372. Taylor Q. John of Salisbury, the Policraticus, and political thought. Humanitas, 2006, vol. 19, No. 1-2, pp. 133-157.
Author's info: Alexander K. Gladkov, assistant professor, senior scholar of the Institute of General History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, gladkov2010@yandex.ru, https://orcid.оrg/0000-0003-2655-5015