Andrey M. Belov
Kostroma State University
Oksana Yu. Galinskaya
Kostroma State University
On the level of literacy of the population Kostroma and Yaroslavl provinces in the late 19th – early 20th centuries
Belov A.M., Galinskaya O.Yu. On the level of literacy of the population Kostroma and Yaroslavl provinces in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 34–40. https://doi. org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-34-40
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-34-40
УДК: 37.015
Publish date: 2023-10-30
Annotation: The reforms carried out in Russia in the 1860-70s contributed to the industrial development of the country, but along with the changes in the economy changes in the socio-cultural sphere were no less large-scale. Due to the mass mobility of the population after the abolition of serfdom, representatives of different estates were involved in the general socio-cultural movement. One of the important indicators of the social modernisation of Russian society included the changed level of literacy of the population, caused by the need for competent personnel for the growing industry, transport, communications and management. Using the example of Kostroma and Yaroslavl provinces, the article shows the dynamics of changes in the literacy rate of the population in the late 19th – early 20th centuries which exceeded all-Russian indicators, both for urban and rural populations and was associated with the successful implementation of state policy in the field of education, the consequences of the introduction of the new Military Charter as of 1874 and the peculiarities of the socio-economic development of the provinces associated with the developed craftsmen’s internal migration.
Keywords: provincial city, modernisation, literacy of population, education, reforms, labour market
Literature list: Beschasnov P.A., Troinitskii N.A. Pervaia vseobshchaia perepis' naseleniia Rossiiskoi imperii 1897 goda. Vyp. 50. Iaroslavskaia guberniy [The first general census of the Russian Empire in 1897. Vol. 50. Yaroslavl province], ed. by N.A. Troinitskii. Saint Petersburg, Tipografiia Kn. V.P. Meshcherskogo Publ., 1904, 233 p. (In Russ.) Chehov N.V. Narodnoe obrazovanie v Rossii s 60-h gg. XIX veka [Public education in Russia since the 60s. 19th century]. Moscow, Knigoizdatel'stvo Pol'za Publ., 1912, 224 p. (In Russ.) Fedorov I. Fabrichnaja promyshlennost' i tehnicheskoe obrazovanie [Factory industry and technical education]. Tehnicheskij sbornik i vestnik promyshlennosti [Technical collection and industry newsletter], 1890, No. 1, p. 15. (In Russ.) Janson Ju.Je. Sravnitel'naja statistika Rossii i zapadno-evropejskih gosudarstv. T. 1. Territorija i naselenie [Comparative statistics of Russia and Western European countries. Vol. 1. Territory and population]. Saint Petersburg, Tip. M. Stasjulevicha Publ., 1878, 372 p. (In Russ.) Kireev A.F. Ustav o vseobshhej voinskoj povinnosti s raz’jasnenijami o pravah i l'gotah po obrazovaniju i semejnomu polozheniju [Charter on universal military service with explanations of rights and benefits based on education and marital status]. Moscow, Tip. Lebedeva Publ., 1879, 36 p. (In Russ.) Lur'e L.Ja. Pitershhiki. Russkij kapitalizm. Pervaja popytka [Petersburgers. Russian capitalism. First try]. Saint Petersburg, BVH-Peterburg Publ., 2011, 288 p. (In Russ.) Ob’javlenija [Advertisements]. Kostromskoj listok [Kostromskoj listok]. 1893, 4 Janv. (In Russ.) Ocherki istorii stroitel'noj tehniki Rossii XIX – nachala XX vekov [Essays on the history of construction equipment in Russia in the 19th – early 20th centuries], V.V. Bol'shakov, I.G. Vasil'ev, A.I. Vlasjuk et al. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo literatury po stroitel'stvu Publ., 1964, 369 p. (In Russ.) Palibin N. Uproshhene stancinnoj otchetnosti [Simplified station reporting]. Zheleznodorozhnik [Railway worker], 1905, 4 Janv., pp. 2-4. (In Russ.) Rashin A.G. Naselenie Rossii za 100 let (1811–1913 gg.): statisticheskie ocherki [Population of Russia for 100 years (1811-1913): statistical essays], ed. by S.G. Strumilina. Moscow, Gos. stat. izd-vo Publ., 1956, 352 p. (In Russ.) Semenov V.N. Blagoustrojstvo gorodov [Urban improvement]. Moscow, Tip. P.P. Rjabushinskogo Publ., 1912, 184 p. (In Russ.) Skvorcov L. Ocherk istorii g. Kostromy [Essay on the history of Kostroma]. Kostromskoj Povolzhskij vestnik [Kostroma Povolzhsky Vestnik], 1908, 19 December, p. 2. (In Russ.) Zhbankov D.N. Bab'ja storona: statistiko-jetnograficheskij ocherk [Woman's side: statistical and ethnographic essay]. Kostroma, Gubernskaja tipografija Publ., 1891, 140 p. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Andrey M. Belov, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, belovi_1957@mail.ru
Co-author's info: Oksana Yu. Galinskaya, Lecturer and researcher, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, oknikitina@yandex.ru, https:// orcid.org/0000-0002-4647-0185