Kseniya M. Baranova
Moscow City University
Nadezhda S. Shalimova
Moscow City University
The theme of maturation in the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Nelle Harper Lee
Baranova K.M., Shalimova N.S. The theme of maturation in the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Nelle Harper Lee. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 85–91 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-85-91
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-4-85-91
УДК: 821(73).09”20”
Publish date: 2023-11-15
Annotation: The article is devoted to the study of narrative and genre features of the famous work of Nelle Harper Lee ‟To Kill a Mockingbird”. It considers such categories of poetics as composition, chronotope and a system of characters. The study analyses the theme of maturation and the traits of ‟southern noir”, traditional and innovative characteristics of the initiation novel. Due to these peculiarities the American writer is not only able to focus on the inner life of the main heroine, but also to present the historical and cultural background of the narrative, as well as to create expressive psychological portraits of the characters. The conclusion is made about the transfer of ideas from human personality formation and maturation to the ethno-racial context, the formation of a specific model of initiation in the American literature. The process of migration of adult literature in children’s literature is noted both at the level of individual storylines and entire narratives. The novel by Harper Lee contains the traits of the initiation novel, as the main semantic dominant theme is maturation through overcoming challenges (social injustice, cruelty, ambivalence of the categories of good and evil). The concept of becoming a person in the work of the writer refers to the origins of the national consciousness: the interaction of nature and civilization, natural and artificial, as well as aesthetic categories of fiction and reality.
Keywords: initiation novel, national specificity, literary tradition of Southern United States, maturation, narrative model, chronotope, system of characters.
Literature list: Ancyferova O.YU. «Yuzhnyj Mif» i roman Donny Tartt «Malen'kij drug» [“The South Myth” and the novel “The Little Friend” by Donna Tartt]. Filologiya i Kul'tura [Philology and Culture], 2015, No. 2 (40), pp. 165-170. (In Russ.) Baranova K.M., Chupryna O.G. Diahronicheskij vzglyad na konstanty v amerikanskoj yazykovoj kartine mira [The diachronic approach to the constants in the american world model]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Ser.: Lingvistika [Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University. Series: Linguistics], 2015, No. 6, pp. 8-15. (In Russ.) Baranova K.M. Osnovnye idejnye i syuzhetno-obraznye motivy v literature Novoj Anglii XVII-XVIII vekov. Stanovlenie tradicij v literature SSHA: dis. … d-ra filol. nauk [New England’s 17th- and 18th-century literary ideology and narrative motifs. The emergence of traditions in US literature: DSc thesis]. Moscow, 2011, 490 p. (In Russ.) Chupryna O.G. Precedentnye yavleniya v britanskoj literature o podrostkah (lingvokul'turologicheskij podhod) [Culture references in british teen books (linguocultural approach)]. Vestnik MGPU. Ser.: Filologiya. Teoriya yazyka. YAzykovoe obrazovanie [MCU journal of philology. Theory of linguistics. Linguistic education], 2014, No. 3 (15), pp. 71-79. (In Russ.) Gilenson B.A. Istoriya literatury SSHA: ucheb. posobie dlya studentov vyssh.ucheb.zavedenij [US Literature History: Study. manual for students of higher education institutions]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 2003, 704 p. (In Russ.) Dubnyakova O.A., Kashina T.A. Kommunikativno-pragmaticheskie osobennosti lichnogo dnevnika [Communicative and Pragmatic Particularities of Personal Diary]. Vestnik MGPU. Ser.: Filologiya. Teoriya yazyka. Yazykovoe obrazovanie [MCU journal of philology.Theory of linguistics. Linguistic education], 2017, No. 1 (25), pp. 42-49. (In Russ.) Li H. Ubit' peresmeshnika [“To Kill a Mockingbird” by H. Lee]. Moscow, AST Publ., 2019, 416 p. (In Russ.) Mulyarchik A.S. Sovremennyj realisticheskij roman [US Contemporary Realistic Novel]. Moscow, Higher School Publ., 174 p. (In Russ.) Stecenko E.A. Koncept detskosti v literature SSHA [The concept of childishness in the literature of the United States of America]. Literatura dvuh Amerik [Literature of the Americas], 2017, No. 2, pp. 386-412. (In Russ.) Blackall J. Valorizing the Commonplace: Harper Lee’s Response to Jane Austen». On Harper Lee: Essays and Reflections Alice Petry. University of Tennessee Press, 2007, 181 p. Lee H. To Kill a Mockingbird. Arrow Books, 2012, 320 p.
Author's info: Kseniya M. Baranova, Doctor of Philological Sciences, full Professor, Head of English philology department, Institute of Foreign Languages, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia, baranovkm@mgpu.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2740-1643
Co-author's info: Nadezhda S. Shalimova, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor of English philology department, Institute of Foreign Languages, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia, shalimovans@mgpu.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9636-1262