Georgy A. Veligorsky
А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Veligorsky G.A. The toponymic element “-end” in the English-language “estate” thesaurus: semantics and function (English-Russian context). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 113–121 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-3-113-121
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-3-113-121
УДК: 811.111`37
Publish date: 2023-08-30
Annotation: The article is devoted to the analysis of the history of the toponymic element “-end”, appearing in the names of many estates, both real (for example, the place Dichende in Northumberland, the village of Bourne End in Buckinghamshire, etc.), and literary ones (for example, Freeman’s End from the novel “Middlemarch, A Study of Provincial Life” by George Eliot (1871–1872), Howards End from the novel of the same name by Edward Morgan Forster (1910), Mole End from “The Wind in the Willows” (1908) by Kenneth Grahame, Bag End from John Ronald Reuel Tolkien’s fantasy novel “The Hobbit, or There and Back Again” (1937), etc.). Attention in the study is paid to non-obvious, “latentˮ, including metaphysical, connotations of this concept (house “on the outskirts”, “dead end”, “goal”, “appointment”, etc.). The article specifically considers the genesis of the “-end” element, which goes deep into the history of the English estate (in particular, it is mentioned in the “Domesday Book”, the first land census of England, undertaken in the 11th century by William the Conqueror).
Keywords: estate, estate thesaurus, George Eliot, Kenneth Grahame, Edward Morgan Forster, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
Funding and acknowledgments: The research was carried out in IWL RAS at the expense https://rscf.ru/project/22-18-00051/
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Author's info: Georgy A. Veligorsky, Candidate of Philological Sciences, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, screamer90@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4316-4630