Andrey N. Moiseev
branch of the Military Training and Research Centre of the Air Force “Air Force Academy named after Professor N.Ye. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarinˮ
Moiseev A.N. Experience in training combat reserves of field units of the Red Army during the Civil War (1918-1920). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 29–34 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-3-29-34
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-3-29-34
УДК: 94(470)”1918/1920”
Publish date: 2023-06-28
Annotation: The article is devoted to the study of the historical experience of training combat army reserves in the system of reserve military units of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War from among the untrained conscripted citizens. A comparative analysis of the activities of Commissariats for Military Affairs (Military enlistment offices) and bodies of the front and army command for training and coordination of the Red Army units and units formed from them is carried out. Based on the analysis of scientific publications and periodicals, the author reconstructs in detail the reasons for the ineffective work of these military administration bodies to create a system of training mobile reserves during the period of active armed confrontation of revolutionary and counter-revolutionary forces from the early 1918 to mid-1919. At the same time, turning to archival materials, which have been put into circulation for the first time, it is possible to reveal the methodology for the formation of reserve units by natives of one province.
Keywords: Upraform (Directorate of front’s reserve formations), reserve regiments, combat capability, field units, desertion, combat coherence, marching companies, reinforcement lists, mobile reserve.
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Author's info: Andrey N. Moiseev, Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor, branch of the Military Training and Research Centre of the Air Force “Air Force Academy named after Professor N.Ye. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarinˮ, Syzran, Russia, vertolet_k27tb@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0871-916X