Ekaterina E. Dmitrieva
А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Dmitrieva E.E. The locus of the castle in the novels of Walter Scott (‘Waverly’).Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 101–112 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-3-101-112
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-3-101-112
УДК: 821(410.5).09”19”
Publish date: 2023-08-30
Annotation: The article is devoted to the role that various castles played in the historical narrative of Walter Scott. The object of the study was mainly his first novel «Waverly». The question posed in the article is formulated as follows: why did Walter Scott, who distanced his writing from the genre of the Gothic novel and at the same time did not focus his attention on the reconstruction of the knight’s novel (both of them widely used the topos of the castle) fill his novels with the description of castles, making them the main place of action and the condition of the plot intrigues. An analysis of his novels and in particular «Waverley» shows that W. Scott introduced castles of different genealogies into his novels: historical and fictional, Scottish and English, assigning each of them its own special function. But they were united by the fact that in the romantic world of W. Scott they acted as an emblem of the fusion of history and modernity, «fiction and truth». The castle, which had already lost its main romantic and chivalrous function in the time of W. Scott, remained a mnemonic space in which history and legend, fueled by imagination, are both glorified and disavowed at the same time. The theme of castles turning into ruins and passing to other owners is another key theme of W. Scott’s historical novels. And the only counteraction to the all-consuming time is the imagination, the mechanism of which the writer starts by appealing to the castle.
Keywords: locus of the castle, Walter Scott, “Waverley”, historical novel, chivalric novel, gothic novel, ekphrasis
Funding and acknowledgments: The research was carried out in IWL RAS at the expense https://rscf.ru/project/22-18-00051/
Literature list: Alpatov S.V. Ot “Ueverli” do Uvarleia [From Waverley to Uvarley]. URL: https://www.philol.msu.ru/~folk/old1/files/lib/wvrly203.pdf (access date: 25.06.2023). (In Russ.) Al'tshuller M. G. Epokha Val'tera Skotta v Rossii: istoricheskii roman 1830-kh godov [The Era of Walter Scott in Russia: a Historical Novel of the 1830s.]. Saint-Petersburg, Gumanitarnoe agentstvo “Akademicheskii proekt” Publ., 1996, 340 p. (In Russ.) Dmitrieva E.E. Velikie arkhitekturnye stilizatsii, stavshie tekstom: Stroberri Khill (“Zamok Otrantoˮ) i villa “Kerilosˮ T. Reinakha [Great architectural stylizations that have become text: Strawberry Hill (“Castle of Otrantoˮ) and Villa “Kerilosˮ by T. Reinach]. Sviazuiushchee zveno: sb. pamiati Eleny Petrovny Shumilovoi [Connecting link: collection in memory of Elena Petrovna Shumilova]. Moscow, RGGU Publ., 2021, pp. 358-379. (In Russ.) Dmitrieva E.E. Literaturnye zamki Evropy i russkii «usadebnyi tekst» na izlome vekov: (1880–1930-e gody) [Literary Castles of Europe and the Russian “Country House Genre” across the Centuries (1880s-1930s)]. Moscow, IMLI RAN Publ, 2020, 768 p. (In Russ.) Dolinin A.A. Istoriia, odetaia v roman: Val'ter Skott i ego chitateli [A story dressed in a novel: Walter Scott and his readers]. Moscow, Kniga Publ., 1988, 315 p. (In Russ.) Karel'skii A.V. Nemetskii Orfei (Metamorfozy Orfeia. Besedy po istorii zapadnoi literatury. Vyp. 3). [German Orpheus. Conversations on the History of Western Literature. Vol. 3]. Moscow, 2007, 619 p. (In Russ.) Mandel'shtam O.E. Sobranie sochineni [Collected works: in 4 vols.]. Vol. 1: 1906–1921. Moscow, Art-biznes-tsentr Publ., 1999, 370 p. (In Russ.) Novalis. Khristianstvo, ili Evropa [Christianity, or Europe]. Novalis. Genrikh fon Ofterdingen [Heinrich von Ofterdingen], izd. podgot. V.B. Mikushevich. Moscow, Ladomir, Nauka Publ, 2003, pp. 134-146. (In Russ.) Poemy Ossiana Dzheimsa Makfersona [The Poems of Ossian by James Macpherson], transl., comment. by E.V. Balobanovoi. Saint-Petersburg, Panteon literatury Publ., 1890. (In Russ.) Reizov B. Val'ter Skott [Walter Scott]. Scott W. Sobr. soch. [Collected works]: in 20 vols.), ed. by B.G. Reizov, R.M. Samarin, B.B. Tomashevskii. Moscow, Leningrad, Khudozhestvennaia literature Publ., 1961. (In Russ.) Reizov B.G. Tvorchestvo Val'tera Skotta [The work of Walter Scott]. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaia literature Publ., 1965, 500 p. (In Russ.) Scott W. Ueverli [Waverly]. Skott V. Sobr. soch. [Collected works]: in 20 vols., vol. 1, ed. by B.G. Reizov, R.M. Samarin, B.B. Tomashevskii. Moscow, Leningrad, Khudozhestvennaia literature Publ., 1961. URL: https://royallib.com/read/skott_valter/tom_1_ueverli.html#0 (access date: 25.06.2023). (In Russ.) Scott W. Antikvarii [The Antiquary]. Skott V. Sobr. soch. [Collected works]: in 20 vols., vol. 3, ed. by B.G. Reizov, R.M. Samarin, B.B. Tomashevskii. Moscow, Leningrad, Khudozhestvennaia literature Publ., 1961. URL: https://royallib.com/book/skott_valter/valter_skott_sobranie_sochineniy_v_dvadtsati_tomah_tom_3.html (access date: 25.06.2023). (In Russ.) Scott W. Lammermurskaia nevesta [The Bride of Lammermoor]. Skott V. Sobr. soch. [Collected works]: in 20 vols, vol. 7, ed. by B.G. Reizov, R.M. Samarin, B.B. Tomashevskii. Moscow, Leningrad, Khudozhestvennaia literature Publ., 1961, pp. 7-365. URL: https://royallib.com/book/skott_valter/valter_skott_sobranie_sochineniy_v_dvadtsati_tomah_tom_7.html (access date: 25.06.2023). (In Russ.) Val'ter Skott o «Zamke Otranto» Uolpola [Walter Scott on Walpole's “Castle of Otrantoˮ]. Uolpol. Kazot. Bekford: Fantasticheskie povesti [Walpole. Kazot. Beckford: Fantastic stories], izd. podg. V.M. Zhirmunskii, N.A. Sigal. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1967. URL: http://lit-prosv.niv.ru/lit-prosv/articles-eng/valter-skott-o-zamke-otranto.htm (access date: 25.06.2023). (In Russ.) Vatsuro V.E. Goticheskii roman v Rossii [Gothic Romance in Russia], comp. by T.F. Seleznevoi. Moscow, Novoe lit. obozrenie Publ., 2002, 542 p. (In Russ.) Davis J. Sir Walter Scott and Enlightenment Theories of the Imagination: Waverley and Quentin Durward. Nineteenth-Century Literature, 1989, vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 437-464. Delon M. (dir.) Le roman gothique. Europe, 1984, No. 69. Le Brun A. Les Châteaux de la subversion. Paris, Gallimard, 1986, 291 p. Lewis W.S. The Genesis of Strawberry Hill. Metropolitan Museum Studies, 1934, No. 5 (1), pp. 57-92. Malley Sh. Walter Scott's Romantic Archaeology: New/Old Abbotsford and “The Antiquary”. Studies in Romanticism, 2001, vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 233-251. Poisson G., Poisson О. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. Paris, Picard, 2014. Walpole H. A Description of the Villa of Horace Walpole, Youngest Son of Sir Robert Walpole Earl of Orford, at Strawberrry-hill, near Twickenham, With an Inventory of the Furniture, Pictures, Curiosities etc. Strawberry Hill, Thomas Kirgate, retrieved 12, 2019 (February); via the Internet Archive. URL: https://archive.org/details/descriptionofvil00walp/page/32/mode/2up (дата обращения: 25.06.2023).
Author's info: Ekaterina E. Dmitrieva, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, katiadmitrieva@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9692-8329