- Kirill A. Chekalov
- Department of Classical Literature of the West & Comparative Literature, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature the Russian Academy of Science
- Early French detective fiction: self-identification paths
- Chekalov K.A. Early French detective fiction: self-identification paths. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, № 2, pp. 79–86 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-2-79-86
- Publish date:
This article focuses on the early period of French detective fiction (1860s), when the “roman policier” notion has not yet been formulated (In use was the notions “courtroom novel”, i.e. “roman judiciaire”). Émile Gaboriau acted as the founder of this genre through his series of novels about Monsieur Lecoq [starting with the novel – “The Lerouge Case” (“L’Affaire Lerouge”, 1865)]. His novels incorporate the criminal narrative features and social, psychological, historical, and political constructs. The author of the article analyses little-known literary works of the similar theme, written in the same period and far less known, such as the novels: “The Drama of the Rue de la Paix» (“Le Drame de la Rue de la Paix”) by Louis Marc Adolphe Belot and “The Crime Factory!” (“La Fabrique de crimes!”) by Paul Henri Corentin Féval (both written in 1866), as well as the stories: “The Black Pearl” (“La Perle noire”) by Victorien Sardou, 1861 and “The Killer of Albertine Renouf” (“Le Meurtrier d’Albertine Renouf. Les Derniers jours de Don Juan”) by Henri Laurent Rivière, 1865. All of them are indicative of the increased interest in criminal plots among the readership of the 1860s and, in a varying degree, have laid the basis for the new genre paradigmatics (crime, investigation process, investigating agency, interaction between a professional detective and an amateur one, wrong and right crime versions, etc.). The author of the article reach a conclusion that the activation of the description by the authors of the plot of Edgar Allan Poe’s canonical short story “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” is combined with solely “feuilletonistic” narrative resources (including melodramatic ones) were extensively used in the detective fiction, and the extremes of fashion for criminal plots were exposed to parody in Belot and Féval’s works.
French detective, investigation, novel, story, character, narrative, criminal plot, parody.
- Literature list:
Chekalov K.A. Avtorefleksivnost' i metatekstual'nost' v romanakh Polia Fevalia [Autoreflexivity and metatextuality in the novels of Paul Feval]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Vestnik of the Kostroma State University], 2018, vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 74-81. (In Russ.).
Gaborio, Emil'. Delo vdovy Leruzh [The case of the widow Lerouge], trans. E. Baevskay, L.M. Tsyv'ian. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2018, 477 p. (In Russ.)
Gaborio, Emil'. Prestuplenie v Orsivale [Crime in Orcival], trans. E. Baevskay, L.M. Tsyv'ian. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2019, 448 p. (In Russ.)
Kestkheii, Tibor. Anatomiia detektiva [Anatomy of a detective]. Budapesht, Korvina Publ., 1989, 262 p. (In Russ.).
Belot, Adolphe. Le Drame de la Rue de la Paix. Paris, Levy Publ., 1869, 108 p.
Bonniot, Roger. Émile Gaboriau ou la Naissance du roman policier. Paris, Vrin Publ., 1985, 560 p.
Evrard, Franck. Lire le roman policier. Paris, DUNOD Publ., 1996, 183 p.
Fernandez, Virginie. L’Affaire Lerouge: l’écrivain au travail. Le Rocambole, 2013, No. 64-65, pp. 53-73.
Fernandez, Virginie. Gaboriau critique des mœurs dans L’Argent des autres. Studia litterarum, 2020, No. 4, pp. 126-145.
Kálai, Sándor. Pratiques sérielles dans le roman judiciaire. Belphégor: online, 2016, No. 14. URL: http://belphegor.revues.org/696
Kalifa, Dominique. Enquête et «culture de l'enquête» au XIXe siècle. Le Romantisme, 2010, No. 149, pp. 3-23.
Schulz-Buschhaus, Ulrich. Roman policier et roman social chez Émile Gaboriau. Le Rocambole, 2013, No. 64-65, pp. 91-100.
Tilleuil, Jean-Louis. Enquête sociocritique sur l'Affaire Lerouge (1866), d'Émile Gaboriau. Le Romantisme, 2005, 127, pp. 105-123.
- Kirill A. Chekalov, Doctor of Philology, Chief Researcher of the Department of Classical Literature of the West & Comparative Literature, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature the Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org