Elena Yu. Volkova
Kostroma State University
Grigory Yu. Volkov
Kostroma State Agricultural Academy
One victory for all: Kostroma Region – for Stalingrad
Volkova E.Y., Volkov G.Y. One victory for all: Kostroma Region – for Stalingrad. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2023, vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 15–21. https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-1-15-21
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2023-29-1-15-21
УДК: 94(470.317)”1941/1945ˮ
Publish date: 2023-03-06
Annotation: In this article, the authors showed for the first time that this victory was achieved by the efforts of everyone: a front-line soldier. Kostromichi fought in all military units in the ranks from soldier to marshal. Among them: Marshals A.V. Vasilevsky and A.A. Novikov, Army General M.V. Malinin, Tank Forces Major General N.A. Novikov, etc. Two Kostroma residents were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for their exploits in this battle. For many who received the title of Hero later, the battle on the Volga became a school of combat experience. The article examines what role the workers of the Kostroma rear played in achieving victory, providing material, moral and psychological support to the fighters. It is emphasized that this support was mutual. It is also noted that even after the battle, the Kostroma residents continued to provide assistance to the liberated Stalingrad: they sent specialists to restore the city, building materials, food, livestock, etc. Results. The authors came to the unequivocal conclusion that only the unification of the forces of the front-line soldiers and comprehensive assistance from the rear could lead to victory both at Stalingrad and in the entire war.
Keywords: Kostroma, Stalingrad, commanders, military exploits, rear assistance.
Literature list: Belous M.A. Kostromichi – Geroi Sovetskogo Soyuza, geroi RF, polnye kavalery ordena Slavy: in 2 t. [Kostromichi – Heroes of the Soviet Union, heroes of the Russian Federation, full cavaliers of the Order of Glory: in 2 vols.]. Kostroma, PolyTransErvice Publ., 2019, vol. 1, 312 p. (In Russ.) V okopah Stalingrada [In the trenches of Stalingrad]. Kostromskoi krai [Kostroma region], 1993, January 20. (In Russ.) Vasilenko A.Yu. Vojna so vsekh storon, 1941–1945: Besedy s kostromichami – uchastnikami Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny [War from all sides, 1941–1945: Conversations with Kostroma residents – participants of the Great Patriotic War]. Kostroma, Kostromaizdat Publ., 2005, 392 p. (In Russ.) Golubev E.P. Boevye zvezdy [Battle stars]. Yaroslavl, Verh.-Volzh. kn. publishing house Publ., 1972, 592 p. (In Russ.) Golubev E.P. Kostromichi – polkovodcy Velikoj Otechestvennoj [Kostromichi – commanders of the Great Patriotic War]. Kostroma, 1995, 285 p. (In Russ.) Golubev E. Soldatskaya slava: ocherki o kostromichah – polnyh kavalerah ordena Slavy [Soldier's glory: essays about Kostroma residents – full cavaliers of the Order of Glory]. Yaroslavl, Verh.-Volzh. kn. ed. Publ., 1987, 192 p. (In Russ.) Dorogami vojny [Roads of war], ed by V.K. Smorchkov. Kostroma, Line Graph Publ., 2013, 336 p. (In Russ.) Kniga pamyati [Memory book], ed. by A.M. Elizarov. Kostroma, DiAr Publ., 2008, vol. 11, 448 p. (In Russ.) Kostroma – frontu [Kostroma – to the front]. Yaroslavl, Verh.-volzhsky publishing house Publ., 1975, 335 p. (In Russ.) Krasnosel'skaya storona [Krasnoselskaya side]. Krasnoe-on-Volga, 2015, 255 p. (In Russ.) Kul'kov E.N. Zarubezhnaya istoriografiya Stalingradskoj bitvy [Foreign historiography of the Battle of Stalingrad]. 65 let Velikoi Pobedy [65 years of the Great Victory]. Moscow, MGIMO-University Publ., 2010, vol. 2, pp. 317-327. (In Russ.) Lebedeva G.G. K 70-letiyu Stalingradskoj bitvy. Operaciya «Kol'co». Dokumenty rasskazyvayut… [To the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Stalingrad. Operation Ring. The documents tell…]. Muzeinyi khronograf [Museum chronograph]. Kostroma, Kostromaizdat Publ., 2013, pp. 153-159. (In Russ.) Letopis' narodnogo podviga. Kostromskoj kraj v gody Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny (1941–1945) [Chronicle of the national feat. Kostroma Region during the Great Patriotic War (1941–1945)]. Collection of documents, ed. by N.V. Badina, L.A. Kovaleva. Kostroma, Kostromaizdat Publ., 2021, 432 p. (In Russ.) Malinin Mihail Sergeevich: materialy o zhizni i deyatel'nosti Geroya Sovetskogo Soyuza generala armii M.S. Malinina [Malinin Mikhail Sergeevich: materials about the life and work of the Hero of the Soviet Union, Army General M.S. Malinin]. Kostroma, 1999, 335 p. (In Russ.) Malinina P.A. Volzhskie vetry [Volga winds]. Moscow, Soviet Russia Publ., 1968, 334 p. (In Russ.) Popov V. Marshal Vasilevskij v Stalingradskoj bitve [Marshal Vasilevsky in the Battle of Stalingrad]. URL: https://zavtra.ru/blogs/marshal-vasilevskij-v-stalingradskoj-bitve (access date: 14.01.2022). (In Russ.) Sidorenko T.A. I v trude i v boyu za Otchiznu svoyu. Velikaya Otechestvennaya vojna v sud'bah prepodavatelej i sotrudnikov KGSKHA [Both in labor and in battle for his Homeland. The Great Patriotic War in the destinies of teachers and staff of the KGSHA]. Kostroma, KGSHA Publ., 2011, 110 p. (In Russ.) Stalin I.V. O Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne Sovetskogo Soyuza [About the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union], the 5-th edition. Moscow, OGIZ Publ., 1947, 207 p. (In Russ.) Shahurin A.I. Kryl'ya pobedy [Wings of Victory]. Moscow, Politizdat Publ., 1990, 300 p. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Elena Yu. Volkova, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, v-0-8@yandex.ruъ, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3291-6147
Co-author's info: Grigory Yu. Volkov, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Kostroma State Agricultural Academy, Kostroma, Russia, grisha.volkov.53@inbox.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0296-4001