Pavel Yu. Bekrenev
Kostroma State University
Lyubov A. Khlestakova
Kostroma State University
Ksenia E. Girinovich
Kostroma State University
Bekrenev P.Yu., Khlestakova L.A., Girinovich K.E. Recognition of a transaction made by a citizen limited by the court in capacity as invalid: current problems in the Russian Federation. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2022, vol. 28, № 4, pp. 124–129 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-4-124-129
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-4-124-129
УДК: 347.155
Publish date: 2022-12-08
Annotation: This article discusses the civil law norms related to the recognition of a transaction made by a citizen, limited by the court in capacity, invalid. The authors carried out a brief comparative analysis of the norms of Articles 30 and 176 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. The paper analyzes the statistical data of the Judicial Department at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, which made it possible to identify negative trends in the number of cases, both on the establishment of facts of legal significance related to the recognition of a citizen with limited legal capacity, and on the number of cases, the requirements for which are associated with the recognition of a transaction invalid and the application of the consequences of such transactions. Also, the studied law enforcement practice in this area made it possible to confirm our hypothesis about the existence of a problem in the field of legal regulation of invalid transactions made by a citizen limited by the court in capacity. The paper investigates the conceptual apparatus in the area under consideration, reveals the shortcomings of legal regulation in civil legislation, namely, the inconsistency of the list of actions prohibited for commission by persons with limited legal capacity, specified in Articles 30 and 176 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. It is concluded that the expansion of the range of actions that a person with limited capacity cannot perform when the transaction is recognized as invalid will reflect the concept of civil law and eliminate legal conflicts.
Keywords: civil law; protection of rights and legitimate interests; invalidity of the transaction; disability limitation; consequences of declaring the transaction invalid transaction; legal capacity; conditions for the recognition of the transaction as valid.
Literature list: Vorob'eva E.A. Pravovoe regulirovanie sdelok, trebuiushchikh soglasiia, po grazhdanskomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossiiskoi Federatsii: dis. ... kand. iurid. nauk [Legal regulation of transactions requiring consent under the civil legislation of the Russian Federation: PhD thesis]. Mosсow, 2016, 196 p. (In Russ.) Grazhdanskii kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Sdelki. Resheniia sobranii. Predstavitel'stvo i doverennost'. Sroki. Iskovaia davnost'. Postateinyi kommentarii k glavam 9-12 [Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Deals. Meeting decisions. Representation and power of attorney. Timing. Limitation of actions. Article-by-article commentary on chapters 9-12], B.M. Gongalo, A.V. Demkina, M.Ia. Kirillova et al.; ed. by P.V. Krasheninnikova. Moscow, Statut Publ., 2016, 270 p. (In Russ.) Kazantseva K.Iu. Nedeistvitel'nost' sdelok: voprosy teorii i praktiki [Invalidity of transactions: issues of theory and practice]. Sovremennoe pravo [Modern law], 2018, № 3, pp. 30-40. (In Russ.) Sedliar D.N. Aktual'nye problemy priznaniia sdelki nedeistvitel'noi [Actual problems of recognition of the transaction as invalid]. Aktual'nye issledovaniia [Current Research], 2020, № 16 (19), p. 40. (In Russ.) Senchukova M.V. Pravovaia priroda nedeistvitel'nosti sdelki [The legal nature of the invalidity of the transaction]. Pravo i pravoporiadok: prioritetnye napravleniia razvitiia [Law and order: priority areas for development], 2019, pp. 290-295. (In Russ.) Tuzov D.O. Teoriia nedeistvitel'nosti sdelok: opyt rossiiskogo prava v kontekste evropeiskoi pravovoi traditsii [The theory of invalidity of transactions: the experience of Russian law in the context of the European legal tradition]. Mosсow, Statut Publ., 2007, 602 p. (In Russ.) Kheifets F.S. Nedeistvitel'nost' sdelok po rossiiskomu grazhdanskomu pravu [Invalidity of transactions under Russian civil law]. Mosсow, Iurait Publ., 2007, 162 p. (In Russ.) Gradenwitz O. Die Ungültigkeit obligatorischer Rechtsgeschäfte. Berlin, Weidmann, 1887, 328 p.
Author's info: Pavel Yu. Bekrenev, Candidate of Political Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, yuristbekrenev@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8171-6817
Co-author's info: Lyubov A. Khlestakova, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, lub-kuku@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5649-405X
Co-author's info: Ksenia E. Girinovich, postgraduate, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, heykseni@rambler.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7923-1909