- Sergey N. Yacovenko
- Military Training and Research Centre of the Ground Forces Combined Arms Academy
- PREPARATION OF THE SOVIET RAILWAY NETWORK IN THE WESTERN DIRECTION FOR A POSSIBLE MILITARY CONFLICT IN THE EARLY 1940S
- Yacovenko S.N. Preparation of the Soviet railway network in the western direction for a possible military conflict in the early 1940s. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2022, vol. 28, № 3, pp. 33–36. https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-3-33-36
- Publish date:
The article describes the preparation of the Soviet railway network for a possible military conflict in the late 1930s – early 1940s. The state of the Soviet railway network in the western direction is considered and analysed. The possibilities for the transfer of troops and materiel by rail on the border territory of the Soviet Union have been identified. Similar possibilities have been identified for the transfer of forces and means of a potential enemy to the border with the USSR. The scale of construction and production works carried out in the pre-war period at the defence facilities of the railway transport of the People’s Commissariat of Defence in the western direction has been revealed. The role of the railway troops of the Red Army, the Military Communications Service, as well as the People’s Commissariat of Railways in the preparation of the railway network is revealed. The main factors influencing the state of defence railway construction in the western direction have been established. It is also defined that the work that was being carried out in order to modernise the railway network in the western direction had not been fully completed by the start of the Axis aggression.
Military Communications Service, Railway Troops, People’s Commissariat of Railways, railway network, capacity, western border of USSR, normal gauge, narrow gauge railway.
- Literature list:
Verhoturov D.N. Fiasko 1941: trusost' ili izmena? [Fiasco 1941: cowardice or treason?]. Moscow, Jauza Publ., 2015, 316 p. (in Russ.)
Rubinshtejn K.I. Litva: polit.-jekon. ocherk [Lithuania: political and economic essay]. Moscow, Socjekgiz Publ., 1940, 108 p. (in Russ.)
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Tyl Krasnoj Armii v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941–1945 gg.: Dokumenty i materialy [Rear of the Red Army in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945: Documents and materials]. Russkij arhiv [Russian archive], vol. 25. M., Terra Publ., 1998, 736 p. (in Russ.)
- Sergey N. Yacovenko, Researcher, Military Training and Research Centre of the Ground Forces Combined Arms Academy, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0724-1574