Vladimir S. Okolotin
Ivanovo State University
Construction of new workshops on defence plants of Ivanovo Region in 1943
Okolotin V.S. Construction of new workshops on defence plants of Ivanovo Region in 1943. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2022, vol. 28, № 2, pp. 56–62 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-2-56-62
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-2-56-62
УДК: 94(470.315)’’1943’’
Publish date: 2022-05-12
Annotation: This article is devoted to the activities of defence enterprises No. 2 (town of Kovrov), “Avtopribor” (automobile devices) and Plant No. 521 (town of Vladimir), expanding their production areas in order to increase the production of new machine guns and fuses to anti-tank-cumulative aerial bombs for the existing army . Until August 1944, Kovrov and Vladimir were administratively part of Ivanovo Region, therefore the decisions of the State Committee of Defence, the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR regarding these objects were accompanied by the adoption by Ivanovo regional committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and the Executive Committee of the regional council of deputies of the working relevant decisions of the organisational and administrative nature. For their implementation, any opportunities were sought, the existing equipment was filmed from enterprises, the timing of its delivery to other defence plants, including imported to imports, was shifted. The tasks of the State Defence Committee of various People's Commissariats on the technical equipment of new workshops were obligatory and accompanied by phrases “first priorityˮ with the requirement of unconditional implementation. In regional historiography, these rulings were not covered. In this regard, the introduction to the scientific turnover of the State Committee of the Defence and Part of the decisions of Ivanovo Regional Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) allows to overcome existing gaps in regional historical knowledge and in the history of the World War II.
Keywords: Soviet-Axis War, State Defence Committee, Ivanovo Region, defence enterprises, resolutions, building workshops, equipment, weapons, ammunition.
Literature list: «Avtopriboru» – 50. Ocherki istorii zavoda. 1932–1982 gg. [“Attract” – 50. Essays of the history of the plant. 1932–1982]. YAroslavl', Verhne-Volzhskoe knizhskoe izdatelstvo Publ., 1982, 199 p. (In Russ.) Bakhiyev V.V., Kirillov I.I. Konstruktor V.A. Degtyarev. Za strokami biografii [Designer V.A. Degtyarev. Behind the rows of biography]. Moscow, Voenizdat Publ., 1983, 210 p. (In Russ.) Vladimirskij kraj v gody Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny. 1941–1945: sbornik arhivnyh dokumentov k 75-letiyu Velikoj Pobedy [Vladimir Krai during the Great Patriotic War. 1941–1945: Collection of archival documents for the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory]. Gos. arhiv Vladim. obl.; otv. red. N.D. Maksimova; comp. T.A. Lashmanova. Vladimir, 2020, 504 p. (In Russ.) Ginzburg S.Z. Stroitel'nyj front [Construction front]. Vojna. Narod. Pobeda. 1941–1945 [War. People. Victory. 1941–1945]. М., Politizdat, 1976, pp. 118–129. (In Russ.) Nikulin V.V. Sud'ba pulemeta reshalas' v Kremle [The fate of the machine gun was solved in the Kremlin]. Degtyarevec [Degtyarevec], 2018, № 14, April 11. (In Russ.) Okolotin V.S. Ivanovskaâ oblast' v gody Velikoj Otečestvennoj vojny [Ivanovo oblast during the great Patriotic war]. Ivanovo, A-Vulture Publ., 2019, vol. 2. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Vladimir S. Okolotin, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of History of Russia, Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia, okolotin.vladimir@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9009-7752