Elena N. Ilyina
Vologda State University
Transport and means of communication in the patois of the hamlet of Borbushino
Ilyina E.N. Transport and means of communication in the patois of the hamlet of Borbushino. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2022, vol. 28, № 2, pp. 212–216 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-2-212-216
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-2-212-216
УДК: 811.161.1’28
Publish date: 2022-05-12
Annotation: The article is devoted to the description of the local speech content devoted to transport and ways of communication. The speech material is collected according to the programme ‟Lexical Atlas of Russian Folkish Patois” from the words of the villagers of Borbushino of Kirillov district of Vologda Region. The oral narratives of the informants about overland travel, as well as travel by water and air, about the means of transportation of passengers and various cargoes in different natural and weather conditions are commented. It is revealed that ways of movement, vehicles, various devices for transportation of passengers and cargoes, as well as subjects that perform various functions in the transport system can be singled out within the system of ways of communication fully corresponding to the section of the programme ‟Lexical Atlas of Russian Folkish Patois”. The layer of vocabulary reflecting the system of transport means and ways of communication in Borbushino patois reveals a number of features due to both the location of the hamlet at a significant distance from water transport routes and the family histories of the villagers. The defining position of overland transport is revealed by this. What is authentic for Borbushino patois and unusual for the traditional use of means of transport in the Northern Russian rural area is the way of air transportation of passengers and goods, which has generated a number of changes in the traditional vocabulary of Vologda land’s inhabitants, but has not led to a radical restructuring of the patois speech system. The conclusion that the lexicon of the transport system of the described dialect for the most part implements the features typical for the dialect system as a whole, is made.
Keywords: Russian dialectology, patois of Russian North, dialectal language picture of world.
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Author's info: Elena N. Ilyina, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor, Vologda State University, Vologda, Russia, filfak@list.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1797-8959