Valeria G. Andreeva
A.M. Gorky institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Leo Tolstoy and Yasnaya Polyana in 1909–1910 (memoirs by Valentin Bulgakov, Nikolay Gusev, Alexander Goldenweiser)
Andreeva V.G. Leo Tolstoy and Yasnaya Polyana in 1909–1910 (memoirs by Valentin Bulgakov, Nikolay Gusev, Alexander Goldenweiser). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2022, vol. 28, № 2, pp. 117–125 (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-2-117-125
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2022-28-2-117-125
УДК: 821.161.1.09"19/20"
Publish date: 2022-05-24
Annotation: In the article, based on the study of the memoirs of Valentin Bulgakov, Nikolay Gusev and Alexander B. Goldenweiser, letters and diaries of Leo Tolstoy during the last two years of his life in Yasnaya Polyana, the features of the estate life and life of the writer, his preferences, relationships with family, visitors, and peasants are analysed. It is shown that estate life, its content, rhythm were determined precisely by Leo Tolstoy with this happening behind the scenes, so that Yasnaya Polyana without Leo Tolstoy was not that unique estate in which everything was subject to well-coordinated spiritual work, thoughts about the necessary transformation. The nature of Leo Tolstoy’s work with young secretaries and assistants, the closeness of convictions, which allowed Nilolay Gusev and Valentin Bulgakov not only to convey Leo Tolstoy’s main thoughts for correspondents, but also to perceive the mood and state of the writer, are assessed. The significant influence of the writer on the life and fate of his entourage is stated.
Keywords: L.N. Tolstoy, Yasnaya Polyana, estate, estate life, estate culture, memoirs, Tolstoy’s secretaries, correspondence, fate of the nobility
Funding and acknowledgments: This work was supported in the IWL RAS by the Russian Science Foundation project No. 22-18-00051, https://rscf.ru/project/22-18-00051/
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Author's info: Valeria G. Andreeva, Doctor of Philological Sciences, A.M. Gorky institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, lanfra87@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4558-3153