Mariya V. Patrikeeva
A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian drama during the Crimean War of 1853–1856
Patrikeeva M.V. Russian dramaturgy of the Crimean War of 1853–1856. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2021, vol. 27, № 4, pp. 100-106 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-4-100-106
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-4-100-106
УДК: 821.161.1.09''19''
Publish date: 2021-11-12
Annotation: The Crimean War of 1853–1856 became a real challenge for Russian society and was reflected in the culture and art of that time, including drama. Already during the war, plays dedicated to this historical event were being created and staged in theatres. This article analyses four plays – “For the Faith, the Tsar and the Fatherland” by Pyotr Grigor’yev, “The Veteran and the Recruit” by Aleksey Pisemsky, “The Feat of the Mother” by Orest Miller, “The Russians in 1854” by Adelaida Tal’tseva. The general ideological message of those dramatic works included patriotism, glorification of the greatness of the Fatherland and the strength of the Russian people, the Orthodox faith, in connection with which the plays created the image of a Russian soldier for whom participation in the war is a matter of honour and faith. The study establishes the correspondence of dramatic works of the period of the Crimean War of 1853–1856 to the requirements of the time, their close connection with the historical context of the era, as well as an orientation towards ease of perception by the audience. The author of the article defines the general features of patriotic plays of the Crimean War period at the plot and ideological level.
Keywords: Crimean war, Crimea, Russia, drama, dramaturgy, play, patriotism
Literature list: Bogdanovich M.I. Vostochnaia voina 1853–1856 godov: v 4 t. [Eastern war of 1853–1856: in 4 vols.]. St. Petersburg, 1876, vol. 1: Annexes to chapter X, pp. 37–40. (In Russ.) Grigor'ev P.I. Za veru, tsaria i Otechestvo. Original'noe narodnoe predstavlenie v 3 kartinakh, s russkimi pesniami, pliaskami i voennymi kupletami [For Faith, Tsar and Fatherland. An original folk performance in 3 scenes, with Russian songs, dances and military couplets]. St. Petersburg, Tip. E. Veimara Publ., 1854, 97 p. (In Russ.) Miller O.F. Podvig materi: Epizod iz Otechestvennoi voiny: v stikhakh [Mother's feat: Episode from the Patriotic War: in 2 acts, in verse]. St. Petersburg: Tip. Shtaba Otdeleniia korpusa vnutrennei strazhi, 1855, 80 p. (In Russ.) Peterburgskie zametki [Petersburg notes]. Otechestvennye zapiski [Domestic notes], 1855, № 2, Otd. VII: Smes', pp. 169–183. (In Russ.) Pervykh D.K. Krymskaia voina glazami zritelia: teatr, igra, soldatskaia p'esa (1853–1856 gg.) [The Crimean War through the Eyes of the Viewer: Theater, Game, Soldier's Play (1853–1856)]. Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo natsional'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo. Seriia: Filosofiia. Kul'turologiia. Politologiia. Sotsiologiia [Scientific Notes of the V.I. Vernadsky. Series: Philosophy. Culturology. Political science. Sociology], 2012, vol. 24, № 3 (65), pp. 216–225. (In Russ.) Pisemskii A.F. Veteran i novobranets. Dramaticheskii sluchai iz 1854 goda [Veteran and rookie. A dramatic incident from 1854]. St. Petersburg, Izd. F. Stellovskogo Publ., 1861, 32 p. (In Russ.) Tal'tseva A.A. Russkie v 1854 godu. Dramaticheskoe predstavlenie v 2 deistviiakh i 4 kartinakh [Russians in 1854. Dramatic performance in 2 acts and 4 scenes]. St. Petersburg, 1855, 38 p. (In Russ.) Timashova O.V. Risk na voine i v tylu. Drama A.F. Pisemskogo “Veteran i novobranets” (1854) v sovremennom emu literaturno-publitsisticheskom kontekste i v tvorcheskoi biografii avtora [Risk in the war and in the rear. The drama of A.F. Pisemsky “Veteran and a Recruit” (1854) in his contemporary literary and publicistic context and in the author's creative biography]. Izvestiia Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaia seriia. Ser.: Filologiia. Zhurnalistika [Bulletin of the Saratov University. New series. Series: Philology. Journalism], 2013, vol. 13, № 3, pp. 60–64. (In Russ.) Chernyshevskii N.G. Novye knigi. Mai 1855 goda [New books. May 1855]. Sovremennik [Contemporary], 1855, vol. 51, № 6, pp. 23–66. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Mariya V. Patrikeeva, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, keriotika@gmail.ru