Anton B. Gekht
Bonch-Bruyevich St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunications
Swedish non-public diplomacy during World War II on the example of the activities of M. Wallenberg Jr.
Gekht A.B. Swedish non-public diplomacy during World War II on the example of the activities of Marcus Wallenberg Jr. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2021, vol. 27, № 4, pp. 69-75 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-4-69-75
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-4-69-75
УДК: 94(485)”1939/1945”
Publish date: 2021-11-15
Annotation: This article examines the role of Marcus Wallenberg Jr., a prominent financier and industrialist, one of the leaders of the financial and industrial group of the Wallenberg family, in the foreign policy of Sweden on the eve of and during World War II. Having concentrated in his hands the main threads of influence on the industry and the financial sphere of the kingdom, Marcus Wallenberg was unofficially involved in the development of the foreign policy of the kingdom, which sought to be out of direct involvement in the war. The article examines various contacts with representatives of the opposing sides, carries out with the active participation of this banker and industrialist, both as part of official delegations and as individuals – the main focus is on establishing interaction between the USSR and Finland in 1943-1944, as well as cooperation with the Allies – Britain and the United States. The article also analyses the non-institutionalised regular contacts of Marcus Wallenberg Jr. with the political leadership of Sweden during 1938-1945, including the difficulties faced by the financial and industrial group under his control in the period immediately after the end of World War II.
Keywords: Sweden, Germany, Third Reich, USSR, Finland, World War II, Wallenberg dynasty, Wallenberg financial and industrial group, Stockholms Enskilda Bank, Marcus Wallenberg.
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Author's info: Anton B. Gekht, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Bonch-Bruyevich St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, a.geht@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6917-1161