Tatyana N. Shmeleva
Lenin Ivanovo State Power Engineering University
Gender Stereotypes and Their Manifestations in Kate Chopin’s «Elizabeth Stock’s One Story»
Shmeleva T.N. Gender Stereotypes and their manifestations in Kate Chopin’s «Elizabeth Stock’s One Story». Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2021, vol. 27, № 2, pp. 156-159 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-2-156-159
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2021-27-2-156-159
УДК: 821(73)''19''
Publish date: 2021-05-10
Annotation: The article deals with the peculiarities of gender stereotypes in Kate Chopin’s work «Elizabeth Stock’s One Story». The Feminist criticism statements aiming at the revealing of femininity manifestation in a text are analysed. Characteristic features marking «female writing» are given, among them besides specific woman’s life experience, gender identity and ecstatic communication with the world, peculiar «two voice» discourse is also distinguished (it traces its roots back to the Mikhail Bakhtin’s ideas about «someone else’s» word through the French poststructuralists). «Elizabeth Stock’s One Story» is the only example of Chopin’s reference to the problem of women’s creativity. The assessing voice of the society intensifying clichés of the woman’s «natural role» can be detected in heroine’s ironical presentation of her own literary experience. The heroine is interested in literature and it’s not only an art for her but also a means of self-expression and a way to self-identity. Despite of the intimacy of Elizabeth’s story her narration is filled with the description of public morality and details which join it into the social life of the whole country. In Chopin’s short story the heroine’s claim of identity being through traditionally men’s forms of self-identification is truly significant.
Keywords: American literature, Kate Chopin, women’s prose, gender, gender stereotypes, image of «new woman», feminism
Literature list: Antsyferova O.Iu. Izvivy feministskogo literaturovedeniia [The Curves of Feminist Literary Criticism]. Zhenshchina v rossiiskom obshchestve [Woman in Russian Society], 2005, № 3–4, pp. 73–86. (In Russ.) Bovuar S. de Vtoroi pol [the Second Sex]. Saint Petersburg, Aleteiia Publ., 1997, 831 p. (In Russ.) Vulf V. Svoia komnata [The room of Her Own]. Eti zagadochnye anglichanki [Those Enigmatical English Women]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1992, pp. 79–154. (In Russ.) Genieva E. Chudo Dzhein Osten [The Wonder of Jane Austen]. Osten Dzh. Ledi S'iuzen. Uotsony. Senditon: romany [Jane Austen. Lady Susan. The Watsons. Sanditon: novels]. Moscow, Tekst Publ., 2002, pp. 7–18. (In Russ.) Gotorn N. Alaia bukva [The Scarlet Letter]. Izbr. proizv: v 2 t. [Selected Works in 2 vols]. Leningrad, Khudozh. lit. Publ., 1982, vol. 1, pр. 40–232. (In Russ.) Sovremennaia literaturnaia teoriia: antologiia [Modern Literary Theory: Anthology], comp., transl., notes by I.V. Kabanovа. Moscow, Flinta Publ., 2004, 342 p. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Tatyana N. Shmeleva, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Lenin Ivanovo State Power Engineering University, Ivanovo, Russia, tanyale@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9558-3269