- Anastasiya N. Soboleva
- The Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
- Activities of the Russian Red Cross society in Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the years of the Axis aggression
- Soboleva A.N. Activities of the Russian Red Cross society in Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the years of the Axis aggression. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 4, pp. 40-43 (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-4-40-43
- Publish date:
The purpose of the study is to identify the features of the functioning of the Russian Red Cross society on the territory of the Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1941–1945. In the article, the author reveals the main areas of activity of the regional Red Cross society, which included training of personnel for sanitary work (nurses, orderlies, squads); assistance in the deployment and further operation of evacuation hospitals; participation in the organisation of military medical trains and care for the wounded; preparation of donor blood; training the population to provide first aid; assistance to health authorities in carrying out educational and educational work on sanitary defence. In addition, various forms of activity of the population itself in obtaining medical skills, especially the youth of the republic, have been analysed. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that a number of previously unpublished sources are put into circulation, collected directly for this study. This made it possible to highlight some details that previously could not be reflected in other works. As a result of the study, it was determined that the activities of the regional society adhered to the main directions of the work of the Russian Red Cross Society and, despite the difficulties that arose, was quite effective in a difficult wartime.
World War II (East Front), Red Cross, Russian Red Cross society, medical and sanitary training, sanitary squads, nurses, evacuation hospitals.
- Funding and acknowledgments:
The research was carried out within the state assignment of FASO Russia (project XII.191.1.1. “The transboundary spaces of Russia, Mongolia and China: history, culture, contemporary society”, № АААА-А17-117021310269-9)
- Literature list:
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Glazkova N. My vse khoteli zashchitit' Rodinu [We all wanted to protect our Homeland]. Ulan-Ude, 2015, July 31, № 22. (In Russ.)
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- Anastasiya N. Soboleva, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9861-1162, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Researcher at Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the City of Ulan-Ude, Buryatia autonomy, Russia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org