Yuliya O. Novikova
The Stoletovs Vladimir State University
Legal regulation of cooperation in Russia in 1917
Novikova Yu.O. Legal regulation of cooperation in Russia in 1917. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 4, pp. 202-208 (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-4-202-208
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-4-202-208
УДК: 34
Publish date: 2020-10-27
Annotation: The article deals with the features of the normative legal regulation of cooperation in 1917. New provisions regulating the activities of cooperative associations, that were fundamentally different from the norms of the cooperative legislation of the tsarist government, are defined. The author highlights the ideological foundations of the cooperative policy of the Provisional government, which influenced the formation of the main provisions of the cooperative legislation in 1917. Key features of the cooperative legislation of 1917 stand out: the determination of the legal status of cooperative companies for the first time a legislator was fixed definition of the concept of "cooperative partnership"; an accomplished fact of registration of a legal entity, this provision was introduced by the legislator for the first time since before the 1917 registration of a legal entity was permissive. This provision greatly facilitated the creation of cooperative associations, which contributed to their rapid growth. Another feature was that minors were allowed to become a member of a cooperative partnership from the age of seventeen, but they were not allowed to be included in the control and management bodies. Cooperative societies were now considered not only as an institution that increased the material well-being of the population, but also as an institution for its spiritual development. Since 1917, there had been a rapid growth of Union associations of cooperative associations both in the provincial and all-Russia ones. This was also a consequence of the new cooperative legislation. It is concluded that the rules of law that completely re-built the cooperative network, defined the status of cooperative partnerships, gave a new impetus to the development of cooperation as a powerful social movement that can mobilize huge masses of the population.
Keywords: cooperation, cooperative partnerships, consumer cooperation, cooperative movement, cooperative legislation, consumer commune, cooperative construction
Literature list: Zemstvo i kooperatsiia [Zemstvo and cooperation]. Soiuz potrebitelei [Consumer Union], 1915, № 12–13, pp. 40–56. (In Russ.) Korelin A.P. Kooperatsiia i kooperativnoe dvizhenie v Rossii 1860-1917 gg. [Cooperation and the cooperative movement in Russia 1860-1917]. Moscow, Rossiiskaia politicheskaia entsiklopediia (ROSSPEN) Publ., 2009, 391 p. (In Russ.) Lubkov A.V. Kooperativnoe dvizhenie tsentral'noi Rossii [Cooperative movement of central Russia], 1907–1918 gg: dis. ... dokt. ist. nauk. Moscow, 1998, 479 p. (In Russ.) Petrova Y.O. Stanovlenie i razvitie kreditnoi kooperatsii vo Vladimirskoi gubernii v kontse XIX - nachale XX veka: dis. … kand. ist. nauk [Formation and development of credit cooperation in the Vladimir province in the late 19th - early 20th centuries]. Vladimir, 2009, 230 p. Tomsinov V. A.  Usloviia deistvitel'nosti dogovora v proekte Grazhdanskogo ulozheniia Rossiiskoi imperii kontsa XIX – nachala XX v. [Conditions for the validity of the contract in the draft Civil Code of the Russian Empire of the late 19th - early 20th centuries]. Istoriia gosudarstva i prava, 2019, № 1, pр. 10–40. (In Russ.) Totomiants V.F. Mesto kooperatsii sredi drugikh sotsial'nykh dvizhenii [The place of cooperation among other social movements]. Tver, b. m., 1906, 16 p. Tugan-Baranovskii M.I. Teoriia kooperatsii [Cooperation theory]. Vestnik kooperatsii, SPb., 1914, № 1, pр. 7–25. (In Russ.) Fain L.F. Otechestvennaia kooperatsiia: istoricheskii opyt [Domestic cooperation: historical experience]. Ivanovo, IvGU Publ., 1994, 275 p. (In Russ.) Kheisin M.L. Istoriia kooperatsii v Rossii [History of cooperation in Russia]. Leningrad, Vremia Publ., 1926, 386 p. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Yuliya O. Novikova, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, the Stoletovs Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia. E-mail: ynovikova1902@yandex.ru