- Yuriy S. Nikiforov
- Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University Vologda State University
- The ideological and political support for the transformation of the economy and society in the USSR of the 1950–1980s: historical challenges and hidden trends
- Nikiforov Yu.S. The ideological and political support for the transformation of the economy and society in the USSR of the 1950–1980s: historical challenges and hidden trends. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 4, pp. 50-57 (In Russ.). DOI 50-57
- Publish date:
The article examines the trends in the ideological and political transformation of Soviet society and the economy in the late USSR against the backdrop of the historical challenges of the 1950-80s. The article raises the question of key areas and participants in ideological and political changes. The spectrum of opinions is analysed, reflecting both the official (authoritative) and expert (scientific) discourse of the problem. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study is connected with the ideas of Mikhail Beznin and Tat’yana Dimoni on proto-bourgeoisie, the formation of state capitalism in the USSR of the 1950-80s. An important theoretical role is played by the thesis of the researcher Grigoriy Popov about a hidden conflict of two types of power (experts and political functionaries) in the USSR. The source base of the study is presented both by key official documents of the Soviet era (the Constitution of the USSR of 1977, materials of the extraordinary 21st Congress of the Communist Party), and texts of representatives of socio-political thought of the 1950-2000s. The article makes a scientific hypothesis that in the official rhetoric of Soviet power in the 1950s and 1980s related to the socio-economic sphere, a latent transformation of values was observed – from traditional communist ideals to the primacy of material interests. According to the author, the leading place among expert scholars critical of the Soviet economy was occupied by liberal ideology, which significantly affected the subjectivity of the content of their books.
ideology, USSR, regions, centre, state capitalism, historical challenges, elite, experts.
- Funding and acknowledgments:
The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation,
project No. 19-18-00269 «Transformation of Russian society in the 1950-1990s: class genesis and evolution of the economic structure»
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- Yuriy S. Nikiforov, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4253-4532, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, scientific secretary of Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University, Yaroslavl, Russia; Senior researcher of Vologda State University, Vologda, Russia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org