Dmitrii N. Khristenko
Yaroslavl State Medical University
The Gulf War (1990–1991) and new foreign political concept of George Herbert Walker Bush
Khristenko D.N. The Gulf War (1990–1991) and new foreign political concept of George Herbert Walker Bush. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 4, pp. 65-69 (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-4-65-69
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-4-65-69
УДК: 323(7+5)''1990/1991''
Publish date: 2020-09-10
Annotation: The article examines the foreign policy concept of the «new world order» of George Herbert Walker Bush, which he put forward during the Gulf War (1990-1991). Despite its short duration, the Middle East conflict has become a symbol of the transformation of international relations initiated by the crisis of the bipolar system and arising of the United States as the main military and political world power. Consequently, Washington sought to rethink its role in the world arena. This task was intended to solve by the concept of a «new world order». The main sources for this article were the memoirs of the former American president and James Addison Baker III (U.S. Secretary of State), documents of White House’ administration, as well as publications of «Foreign Affairs» – the most influential journal on international relations in the United States. The research methodology includes the space-time analysis of Fernand Paul Achille Braudel, historical-descriptive and historical-genetic methods. It is noted that the foreign policy concept of a «new world order» was in the centre of public attention and caused a heated discussion in the United States, as a result of which was rejected its main element – reliance on allies and the rule of international law. The attempts of Russian diplomacy to propose a corrected interpretation of the concept of a «new world order» did not meet the understanding overseas. Washington took a course towards sole leadership in the world that triggered the deterioration of the state of affairs in the world arena in the long term.
Keywords: Gulf War, George Herbert Walker Bush, new world order, foreign policy, USA, Iraq, United Nations.
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Author's info: Dmitrii N. Khristenko, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6221-8991, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of History and Philosophy Department, Yaroslavl State Medical University. E-mail: khristenko1983@mail.ru