Nguyen Thi Hoan
Ivanovo State University
Galina G. Yermilova
Ivanovo State University
“Evangelical text” of the novel “Crime and Punishment” in Vietnamese translation
Nguyen Thi Hoan, Yermilova G.G. “Evangelical text” of the novel “Crime and Punishment” in Vietnamese translation. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 2, pp. 148–152 (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-3-148-152
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-3-148-152
УДК: 821.161.1.09”19”
Publish date: 2020-06-11
Annotation: The article for the first time explores the translation of the ‟evangelical text” of Fyodor Dostoevsky's novel ‟Crime and Punishment” into Vietnamese. The ‟evangelical text” refers to the New Testament quotations, for the first time both in the writer's work and in the Russian literature of the 19th century as a whole, widely used by Fyodor Dostoevsky. Three authoritative translations by Trương Định Cư (1972), Lý Quốc Sinh (1973), Cao Xuân Hạo (1982-1983) are involved. The translation of the Bible into Vietnamese used by translators and involved in the liturgical practice of the Vietnamese Orthodox Church, has been revealed. On the basis of a continuous text sample of the "evangelical text" three translations were compared with the original and reverse translations, followed by an analytical commentary. The subject of the article is a monologue of "drunken" Semyon Marmeladov in the tavern (p. 1, ch. 2), saturated with New Testament quotations, and an evangelical scene about raised Lazarus (p. 4, ch. 4). It is concluded that when translating the "evangelical text" of the novel, the Vietnamese translators experienced serious difficulties due to ignorance of Russian Orthodoxy, which is still perceived in Vietnam to this day as a kind of exotic. Some specific refinements to existing translations are proposed.
Keywords: Evangelical text, Fyodor Dostoevsky, "Crime and Punishment", equivalence, translation, interculture, Christian culture, difficulty
Literature list: Belov S.V. Roman F.M. Dostoevskogo «Prestuplenie i nakazanie»: kommentarii [Roman F.M. Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment: Commentary]. Moscow, Prosveshchenie Publ., 1985, 240 p. (In Russ.) Dostoevskii F.M. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: v 30 t. [Full composition of writings: in 30 vols.]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1972–1990; Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1973, vol. 6, 423 p.; Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1973, vol. 7, 413 p. (In Russ.) Dostoevskaia A.G. Vospominaniia [Memories]. Moscow, Pravda Publ., 1987, 559 p. (In Russ.) Ermilova G.G. Ot Gogolia do Nabokova: Ctat'i o russkoi literature [From Gogol to Nabokov: Articles on Russian literature]. Ivanovo, Ivan. gos. un-t Publ., 2007, 256 p. (In Russ.) Zaharov V.N. Russkaja literatura i hristianstvo [Russian literature and Christianity]. Evangel'skij tekst v russkoj literature XVIII–XX vekov: Citata, reminiscencija, motiv, sjuzhet, zhanr [Gospel text in Russian literature of the XVIII-XX centuries: Quote, reminiscence, motive, plot, genre]. Petrozavоdsk, Publ. Petrozavodskogo un-ta, 1994, pp. 5–11. (In Russ.) Martynov A.V. Doroga k khramu: Poslednii den'. Konets vremeni [The road to the temple: The last day. The end of time]. URL: https://religion.wikireading.ru/108429 (access date: 13.03.2020). (In Russ.) Novikova E. Sofiinost' russkoi prozy vtoroi poloviny Kh1Kh veka [The sophistry of Russian prose in the second half of the 19th century]. Tomsk, Publ. Tomskogo un-ta, 1999, 253 p. (In Russ.) Tikhomirov B. “Lazar'! Griadi von”: Roman F.M. Dostoevskogo “Prestuplenieinakazanie” v sovremennomprochtenii [‟Lazarus! Come Out”: Roman F.M. Dostoevsky's “Crime and Punishment” in the modern reading]. Kniga-kommentarii [Comment Book]. St. Petersburg: Serebrianyivek, 2005, 472 p.
Author's info: Nguyen Thi Hoan, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6726-9894, postgraduate student, Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia. E-mail: nguyenthihoan19111989@gmail.com
Co-author's info: Galina G. Yermilova, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0397-8536, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor, Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia. E-mail: ermilova-galina@mail.ru