Svetlana A. Inikova
Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Old believers of Romania in the 21st century: new challenges to old traditions
Inikova S.A. Old believers of Romania in the 21st century: new challenges to old traditions. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 3, pp. 93-99 (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-3-93-99
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-3-93-99
УДК: 281.2
Publish date: 2020-06-28
Annotation: Russian Old believes – Lipovans – have always been part of the Russian world, the guardians of the old Orthodox faith and Russian culture. For a long time, they managed to maintain a religious and cultural distance from the rest of the Romania's population and to restrain the pace of inevitable assimilation. Over the past thirty years, cultural globalisation has become the new tremendous threat. The article, written on the materials of the expeditions to the Romanian Lipovans conducted in 2009–2019, shows how radically the life of the Lipovans changed after the revolution of 1989, and especially after Romania had joined the European Union. Migration of able-bodied Lipovans abroad changes their way of life, affects the level of religiosity, contributes to the assimilation of European values and objectively leads to the undermining of the foundations of the Оld believers' Church. Children, young people and the most of the middle generation, have been included in the Romanian-European information space, and this group sees complete loss of the Russian language. At the same time, the Lipovans of the older generation and other part of the middle generation are trying to stay within the traditional way of life and to keep the Russian language in communication. This situation leads to the loss of continuity and the termination of the reproduction of Russian culture in the Lipovan’s diaspora, to the rejection of the identity.
Keywords: Russian Old believes – Lipovans, Romania, religiosity, traditional culture, Russian language, assimilation, globalisation.
Funding and acknowledgments: The article is published in accordance with the research plan of the Institute of Ethnology and anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Literature list: Kudryavcev A.N. Ocherk istorii staroobryadcev v Dobrudzhe [An essay on the history of Old believers in Dobrudja]. Slavyanskij sbornik [Slavic collection]. S-Petersburg, Petersburg’s otdel Slavic Committee, 1875, v. 1, pp. 605–620. (In Russ.) Plotnikova A.A. Russkie staroobryadcy Dobrudzhi [Russian Old Believers of Dobrudja]. Zhivaya starina [Living Antiquity], 2007, № 3, pp. 21–23. (In Russ.) Prigarin A.A. Russkie staroobryadcy na Dunae: formirovanie etnokonfessional'noj obshchnosti v konce XVIII – pervoj polovine XIX vv. [Russian Old believers on the Danube: the formation of an ethno-confessional community in the late XVIII – first half of the XIX century]. Odessa, Izmail, Moscow, SMIL Publ., Arheodoksiya Publ., 2010, 528 p. (In Russ.) Anastasova E.A. Staroobredcite v Belgariya: Mit – istoriya – identichnost [Old believers in Bulgaria: myth-history-identity]. Sofiya, Prof. Marin Dranov Publ., 1998, 127 p. (In Bulg.)
Author's info: Svetlana A. Inikova, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4925-8817, Сandidate of Historical Sciences, Leading researcher, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: info@iea.ras.ru