Alsu Sh. Ayzatullova
Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation
Mikhail A. Sudakov
Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation; Centre for Strategic Studies of Ulyanovsk Region
The history of the creation and operation of the Tu-144 supersonic airliner (according to memoir sources)
Ayzatullova A.Sh., Sudakov M.A. The history of the creation and operation of the Tu-144 supersonic airliner (according to memoir sources). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 3, pp. XX–XX (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-3-87-92
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-3-87-92
УДК: 629.735.3
Publish date: 2020-07-20
Annotation: For the first time, the history of the creation and operation of the Tu-144 airliner is investigated on the basis of the memoirs of aviation specialists. The development of an airliner has been studied taking into account the socio-political processes of the 1960s-1970s, and that left a serious imprint on the development of science and technology in this period. The specifics of the historical sources used, highlighting important aspects of the topic, are shown, and their criticism is carried out. The results of the analysis of memories that capture the key moments of the programme of the Soviet supersonic airliner are presented. A comparison was made of the opinions of the authors of memoirs on certain issues (the reasons for the creation of the airliner, problems in its design and testing, as well as the reasons for the completion of the programme). The differences in the assessments of the memoirists of certain aspects of the project are revealed. It is pointed out exactly what lessons can be learned from the project by contemporary Russian statesmen and aviation specialists.
Keywords: supersonic airliner, memoirs, Andrei Tupolev, Aleksey Tupolev, Pyotr Dement'yev, Leonid Kerber, Georgiy Cheryomuhin, Iosif Fridlyander, Leonid Selyakov.
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Author's info: Alsu Sh. Ayzatullova, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7592-1769, Candidate of Historical Sciences, head of Department of Disciplines for the Humanities and Social Economy, Chief marshal of the aviation B.P. Bugayev Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation, Ulyanovsk, Russia E-mail: alsu-ul@rambler.ru
Co-author's info: Mikhail A. Sudakov, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2399-002X, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Humanities and Social-Economic Disciplines Department; specialist, Chief marshal of the aviation B.P. Bugayev Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation; Institute of History and Culture of the Region, Centre for Strategic Studies of Ulyanovsk Region, Ulyanovsk, Russia E-mail: dzintars80@mail.ru