- Tat’yana Yu. Shestova
- Perm Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
- Labour of medics of Perm land during World War II
- Shestova T.Yu. Labour of medics of Perm land during World War II. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 2, pp. 104–107 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-2-104-107
- Publish date:
During the years of the Second World War, Molotov Region (what is now called Perm Land) became the location of hospitals for wounded soldiers due to the presence of several medical universities. The article discusses the organisation of evacuation hospitals, the transfer of equipment to hospitals from civilian hospitals. The statistics of the return of the wounded, not only to ordinary life, but also to military activity, is reflected, an increased percentage of return to duty in relation to the statistics of the USSR is substantiated. Particular attention is paid to the reprofiling of medics to treat injuries and accelerated training of surgeons. Changes in the training of students in wartime are studied, the possibilities of using the labour of students in practical sanitary actions are demonstrated. On the basis of the donor movement in Molotov Region, the development of hematology and the advantages of blood transfusion in the USSR over Germany are reflected. The article analyses the creation of the Academic Council for medical workers, which allowed redirecting the scientific interests of doctors to the realities of war. Specific biographies of medical scientists are reflected, including the biography of the future academician Yevgeniy Vagner, in fact of German ethnicity himself. The article examines medical care in the Ural factories of military importance, reflects the introduction of local raw materials into medical instruments.
history of healthcare, Molotov (Perm) Region, wounded, hospitals, medical universities.
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- Tat’yana Yu. Shestova, ORCID 0000-0002-3956-9697, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Chair of Theory and Practice of Management, Perm Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Perm, Russia E-mail: email@example.com