Galina A. Kamygina
Museum of jewellery and folk-applied art in Krasnoye-na-Volge
Production activity jewellery artels of the Upper Volga region during the Second World war
Kamygina G.A. Production activity jewellery artels of the Upper Volga region during the Second World war. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 2, pp. 120–125 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-2-120-125
DOI: 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-2-120-125
УДК: 623.45(470.315)”1941/1942’’
Publish date: 2020-03-02
Annotation: The activity of jewellery and art artels during the War is almost not covered in Soviet historiography because of the specifics of this industry. The proposed article analyses the change in the composition of jewellery artels of the Upper Volga region in the period of 1941-1945. The contribution of cooperatives to the supply of clothing to the Red Army is examined. Particular attention is paid to providing civilians with such specific goods as jewellery and art products. To study this issue, little-studied archival sources were used; some of them were declassified only recently. In general, the products of jewellery cooperatives of the Upper Volga region during World War II can be divided into several groups: 1. Items that continued the tradition of local art crafts: jewellery and art products (earrings, brooches, cigarette cases, decoration buttons, etc.) 2. Metal haberdashery: metal dishes, metal pads on bags and briefcases, etc. 3. Military products: insignia and buttons for military uniforms, parts for gas masks and parachutes, medical equipment.
Keywords: artels, jewellery, military products, World War II, Upper-Volga region.
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Author's info: Galina A. Kamygina, Kostroma State Historical, Architectural and Artistic Museum-Reserve; Museum of jewellery and folk-applied art, urban settlement of Krasnoye-na-Volge, Krasnoselsky district, Kostroma Region, Russia E-mail: gkamygina@mail.ru