Sergey A. Kabatov
Kostroma State University
Yelena A. Kabatova
Kostroma State University
Source-historiographical study of the existence of the second Kostroma Kremlin (article 2)
Kabatov S.A., Kabatova Ye.A. Source-historiographical study of the existence of the second Kostroma Kremlin (article 2). Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 2, pp. 10–35 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-2-10-35
DOI: 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-2-10-35
УДК: 94(470.317)
Publish date: 2020-03-05
Annotation: The question of dating an urban settlement, if its date has no clear or specific written confirmation, is always very problematic and complicated. Its solution requires the use of the widest possible range of data. This research is presented in a block of articles that attempt to cover the source-historiographical study of the existence of the second Kostroma Kremlin, including the latest archaeological data from 2016-2017 on the territory of the Old city of the second Kostroma Kremlin. The study raises questions about the conditions, specifics and dating of the foundation of the first and second Kostroma Kremlins, their nature of development, the conditions for obtaining the icon Our Lady of Saint Theodore in Kostroma and its storage location in both Kremlins. The question of the place, time and conditions of the construction of the Assumption Cathedral is considered separately, since only research on the conditions and dating of its construction can shed light on the date of the foundation of the Old city of the second Kostroma Kremlin. Article 2 continues this block of research, which refers us to the time and conditions of building the Dormition Cathedral.
Keywords: Kostroma Povolzhye, Kostroma, first Kostroma Kremlin, Old city of second Kostroma Kremlin, Rostov-Suzdal Principality, Novgorod Great, Slavic colonisation, Dormition Cathedral.
Literature list: Belyaev I. Statisticheskoe opisanie soborov I cerkvey Kostromskoy eparhii, sostavlennoe na osnovanii podlinnyh svedeniy, imeyuschihsya po duhovnomu vedomstvu, chlenom Kostromskogo gubernskogo statisticheskogo komiteta, Kafederalynogo Uspenskogo sobora Protoireem Ioannom Belyaevym [Statistical description of cathedrals and churches of the Kostroma diocese, compiled on the basis of authentic information available for the spiritual Department, a member of the Kostroma provincial statistical Committee, the Cathedral of the assumption Cathedral Archpriest John Belyaev]. St. Petersburg: Printing office of the Postal Department, 1863, 202 p. (In Russ.). Vinogradov A.I. Istoriya Kafederalynogo Uspenskogo sobora v gub.gor. Vladimire [History of the Cathedral of the assumption in Vladimir gubernia]. Vladimir: Typo-lithography Of The Provincial Government, 1905, 215 p. (In Russ.) Diev M.Ya. Istoricheskaia zapiska o g. Kostrome: chernovaia rukopis' iz biblioteki A. Titova [Historical note about Kostroma: draft manuscript from the library of A. Titov], № 4019. Biblioteka Obshchestva liubitelei drevnei pis'mennosti v Peterburge [Library Of the society of lovers of ancient writing in St. Petersburg], 1889. (In Russ.) Ikonnikov V.S. Opyt russkoy istoriografii [Experience of Russian historiography]. Moscow, 1908, vol. 2, 1116 p. (In Russ.) Karamzin N.M. Istoriia gosudarstva rossiiskogo [History of the Russian state]. SPb., Voennaia tipografiia Glavnogo shtaba ego Imperatorskago Velichestva Publ., 1817, vol. 4, 494 p.; vol. 5, 592 p.; vol. 6, 486 p. (In Russ.) Kozlovsky A.D. Vzgliad na istoriiu Kostromy [View on the history of Kostroma]. M., Tip. Nikolaia Stepanova Publ., 1840, 203 p. [1] (In Russ.) Krzywoblocki Ya. Materialy dlia geogr[afii] i statistiki Rossii. Kostromskaia guberniia [Materials for geography[afii] and statistics of Russia. Kostroma province]. SPb., 1861, 638 p. (In Russ.) Kuchkin V.A. Formirovanie gosudarstvennoi territorii Severo-Vostochnoi Rusi v X–XIV vv. [Formation of the state territory of North-Eastern Russia in the X–XIV centuries]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984, 353 p. (In Russ.) Lebedev D.I., prot. Istoriia sobornykh khramov Feodorovskogo i Uspenskogo v gorode Kostrome v sviazi s povest'iu o Feodorovskoi ikone Bogomateri, kratkoi istoriei i topografiei drevnego goroda [History of the Cathedral churches of Feodorovsky and Uspensky in the city of Kostroma in connection with the story of the Feodorovsky icon of the mother of God, a brief history and topography of the ancient city]. Kostroma, 2010, 175 p. (In Russ.) Ostrovsky P.F. Istoricheskoe opisanie Kostromskogo Uspenskogo sobora [Historical description of the assumption Cathedral in Kostroma]. M., 1855, 256 p. (In Russ.) Pavlinov A.M. Istoriya russkoy arhitektury [History of Russian architecture]. Moscow, 1894, 265 p. (In Russ.) Pistsovaia kniga g. Kostromy 1627/28 – 1629/30 gg [Scribe the book of the city of Kostroma 1627/28 – 1629/30 from Kostroma]. Kostroma, Kostromaizdat Publ., 2004, 438 p. (In Russ.) PSRL. Vol. 1. Lavrent'evskaia i Troitskaia letopisi [Laurentian and Trinity Chronicles]. St. Petersburg, 1846, 392 p. (In Russ.) PSRL. Vol. 3. Novgorodskaya letopis' [Novgorod chronicle]. St. Petersburg, 1841, 320 p. (In Russ.) PSRL. Vol. 7. Letopis' po Voskresenskomu spisku [Chronicle of the Sunday list], prep. for publ. by Ya.I. Berednikov, A.F. Bychkov, ed. by A.S. Norov. St. Petersburg, 1856, 358 p. (In Russ.) PSRL. Vol. 10. Letopisnyj sbornik, imenuemyj Patriarsheju ili Nikonovskoy letopis'u [Chronicles collection, called Patriarchal or Neither-konovsky chronicle]. St. Petersburg, 1885, 250 p. (In Russ.) PSRL. Vol. 15. Tverskaia letopis'. Rogozhskii letopisets [Tver chronicle. Rogozhsky chronicler]. St. Petersburg, 1863, 504 p. (In Russ.) PSRL. Vol. 18. Letopis' Simeonovskaya [Simeon's Chronicle]. St. Petersburg, 1913, 321 p. (In Russ.) Radeeva O.V. Skazanie o Fjedorovskoy ikone Ghesvyatoy Bogorodicy v knizhnoy cul'ture Rossii XVII–XVIII vv. [The Legend of the Fedorov icon of the most Holy Theotokos in the book culture of Russia of the XVII–XVIII centuries]: dissertation of the candidate of historical Sciences. Moscow, 2011, 369 p. (In Russ.) Trudy IV Oblastnogo istoroko-arheologicheskogo s'ezda v Kostrove v ijuune 1909 [Proceedings of the IV Regional historical and archaeological Congress in Kostroma in June 1909 Kostroma, 1914], 129 p. (In Russ.) Feodorovskiy obraz Presvyatoy Bogorodicy: skazanie v ikone Feodorovsky mother of God: the legend of the icon, comp. E.L. Tikhomirov. Moscow, GRAND-holding, 2009, 71 p. (In Russ.) Shcherbatov A.M. Istoriya rossiykaja ot drevneyshyh vremjen [History of Russia from ancient times], vol. 4, part 2. St. Petersburg, Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1783, 544 p. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Sergey A. Kabatov, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, head of the laboratory of archaeological and ethnological research, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia E-mail: kabatov74@mail.ru
Co-author's info: Yelena A. Kabatova, engineer of the laboratory of archaeological and ethnological research, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia E-mail: kabatova@bk.ru