- El’mira V. Vasil’yeva
- St. Petersburg
- On the peculiarities of chronotope in New England Gothic: The House of the Seven Gables by Nathaniel Hawthorne and The Haunting of Hill House by Shirley Hardie Jackson
- Vasil’yeva E.V. On the peculiarities of chronotope in New England Gothic: The House of the Seven Gables by Nathaniel Hawthorne and The Haunting of Hill House by Shirley Hardie Jackson. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 1, pp. 87–92 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-1-87-92
- Publish date:
The article deals with Mikhail Bakhtin’s term "the chronotope of the castle" analysed on the material of two New England Gothic novels – "The House of the Seven Gables" by Nathaniel Hawthorne and "The Haunting of Hill House" by Shirley Hardie Jackson. The author assumes that chronotope is not just a spacetime characteristic, but a set of motifs – the motive of dark past, the motif of spatial and temporal isolation, and the motif of "sentient" house. All of these motifs were used by classic Gothic novel writers of the 1760s to 1830s, and were as well employed in later quasi-Gothic texts. At the turn of the 19th century, Gothic novel commenced its parallel development in American literature, where it subsequently became one of the national genres. American writers aspired to adapt Gothic poetics to the cultural context of the country. For instance, in New England Gothic fiction, the chronotope of the castle was transformed into the chronotope of the "bad" house. However, the set of motifs has remained the same: both Hawthorne and Jackson consistently used the motifs, provided by British Gothic fiction, yet they further explored them and came up with their own interpretations.
castle chronotope, Mikhail Bakhtin, motif analysis, Gothic novel, New England Gothic, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Shirley Hardie Jackson
- Literature list:
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- El’mira V. Vasil’yeva, ORCID 0000-0003-4195-5658, Candidate of Philology, St. Petersburg, Russia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org