Mariya B. Krapiventseva
Tula State Museum of Arms
Tula arms factory workers technical training on a part-time basis in the 1920s
Krapiventseva M.B. Tula arms factory workers technical training on a part-time basis in the 1920s. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 1, pp. 38–42 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2019-26-1-38-42
DOI: 10.34216/1998-0817-2019-26-1-38-42
УДК: 94(470.312)”1920” ; 331
Publish date: 2020-01-28
Annotation: The article, using the historical experience of Tula Arms Factory as an example, examines the problem of training workers on the job in the 1920s, insufficiently covered in historical science. Based on a review of a significant amount of archival sources, a detailed description of various forms of technical training at the enterprise is given, supported by statistical data. The dependence of the activities of the plant management on training workers on specific production needs is noted. The author also pays attention to the problems of material, technical, personnel and organisational order, which reduced the quality of training. It was noted that due to staff turnover in the first years of its existence, technical studies and advanced training were inextricably linked with the training of new employees. As a result, it is concluded that the technical education network at Tula Arms Factory had been successfully established by the end of the specified period, the main channels of which included advanced training circles, vocational courses, individual and brigade apprenticeships. This provision is confirmed by consideration of the private aspects of the training process, by identifying the role of graduates in the recruitment of the Tula Arms Factory by skilled workers. The materials of this study are intended to supplement the picture of the positive experience of training personnel for the Russian arms factories.
Keywords: technical studies, advanced training, Tula arms factory, vocational courses, working education.
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Author's info: Mariya B. Krapiventseva, curator of museum objects, Tula State Museum of Arms, graduate student of the Department of History of State and Law of Tula State University, Tula, Russia E-mail: orticatula@gmail.com