Sergey S. Chekulayev
Far Eastern Federal University
Kirill V. Gordeyev
Far Eastern Federal University
Mikhail R. Leonov
Far Eastern Federal University
The issue of alimony funds as a way of providing for children: foreign experience
Сhekulayev S.S., Gordeyev K.V., Leonov M.R. The issue of alimony funds as a way of providing for children: foreign experience. Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, vol. 26, № 1, pp. 184-189 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-1-184-189
DOI: 10.34216/1998-0817-2020-26-1-184-189
УДК: 347.6
Publish date: 2019-12-25
Annotation: The article raises the issue of the provision of minor children in the event of parents' failure to meet their alimony obligations in the Russian Federation. As its solution, the authors propose to create an institute of alimony fund. The article analyses and reveals the essence of this institution on the basis of the experience of Soviet Russia and foreign countries – Spain, Sweden, Estonia and other countries – through the following aspects: the size of state support for underage children, the procedure for providing assistance, as well as the procedure for reimbursement of funds spent by the state, the sources of funding funds. The authors mention the existence of a similar institution to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (the institution of temporary allowances for underage children). The article concludes that by creating the institute of the alimony fund in the Russian Federation is a comparative legal analysis of foreign institutions, public discussion, expert and legislative work based on the studied experience. The possibility of simultaneous existence of state and private forms of alimony funds in the Russian Federation is also analyzed. The authors propose to adopt the Federal Law "On Alimony Funds in the Russian Federation", which will embody the solution of the existing problem and serve as a basis for legal regulation of these funds.
Keywords: minor children, parents, maintenance obligations, maintenance fund, non-payment of maintenance, provision of children, reimbursement of state expenses.
Literature list: Volkova O.V. Rossii mozhet poiavit'sia alimentnyi fond [Alimony fund may appear in Russia]. Parlamentskaia gazeta [Parliamentary newspaper]. URL: https://www.pnp.ru/social/v-rossii-mozhet-poyavitsya-alimentnyy-fond.html (access date: 06.12.2019). (In Russ.) Krasnogorodskaia A. Interv'iu direktora FSSP Rossii D.V. Aristova gazete «Izvestiia» [Interview with D.V. Aristov, Director of the Federal Bailiff Service, Izvestia newspaper]. Izvestiia [Izvestia newspaper]. URL: https://iz.ru/805965/aleksandra-krasnogorodskaia/glava-fssp-chislo-zhalob-na-kollektorov-vyroslo-na-tret (access date: 06.12.2019). (In Russ.) Markova O.V. Alimentnye obiazatel'stva v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave [Alimony obligations in private international law]. Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe parvo [Public and private international law], 2011, № 3, pp. 24–28. (In Russ.) Rzhanitsyna L.S. Alimenty v Rossii: analiz problem i strategiia v interesakh detei. Proekt Instituta ekonomiki [Alimony in Russia: problem analysis and strategy for children. Project of the Institute of Economics.]. Moscow, IE RAN Publ., 2012, p. 334. (In Russ.) Sem'i s det'mi v Rossii: uroven' zhizni i politika sotsial'noi podderzhki: doklad k XX apr. mezhdunar. nauch. konf. po problemam razvitiia ekonomiki i obshchestva [Families with Children in Russia: Living Standards and Social Support Policy: Report to the XX April International Scientific Conference on Economic and Social Development] / S.S. Biriukova, E.A. Gorina, A.R. Goriainova etc., ed. by L.N. Ovcharova. Moscow, Izd. dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki Publ., 2019, p. 153. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Sergey S. Chekulayev, assistant of the department of civil law and the process of the School of Law of the Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia. E-mail: chekulaev_ss@dvfu.ru
Co-author's info: Kirill V. Gordeyev, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia. E-mail: gordeev.kv@students.dvfu.ru
Co-author's info: Mikhail R. Leonov, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia. E-mail: leonov.mr@students.dvfu.ru